There isn’t a public war memorial in Roath or surrounding areas. Those who lost their lives from Grangetown, Llandaff, Whitchurch and may be some other Cardiff suburbs are remembered on War Memorials but somehow Roath never got one. Yes, there are memorials in churches, schools and places of employment but no public memorial, although the memorial outside St Saviour’s in Splott probably is more a parish memorial than a church memorial. This embryonic idea is to try and rectify that oversight. Thanks to members of the society and other locals historians such as David Hughes, Gwyn Prescott, Ceri Stennett, Steve Duffy, Danny Richards and many others for their help.
The number of people who have lost their lives and lived in the area covered by the old parish of Roath (which included Splott, Tremorfa, Pengam, Adamsdown, Penylan and parts of Cathays and Cyncoed) was sadly large.
The interactive map below shows just some of those from the area who died in WWI and WWII. To enlarge the map click on the symbol in the upper right of the map.
The raw data can be found in this spreadsheet – up to date as of Feb 2020, but more names always being added.
GEORGE WILFRED ABBOTT
Private, 1st Battalion, Welsh Guards (Service Number 2506)
George Abbott was born in Abertillery, Monmouthshire in 1893 to Edwin Abbott and Emily Margaret Abbott née Collier. By 1901 the family had moved to Roath and George’s father Edwin was working as a wood sawyer but he dies in 1903 leaving Emily to bring up the three sons. In the 1911 census we find George working as a weights and measures assistant for the city council and the family living at 64 Cottrell Road, Roath. George is killed in action on 25th September 1916 at the battle of the Somme. He is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial in France. He was also remembered on both the Roath Road Weslyan Church memorial and the Roath Park Wesleyan Church memorial plaque. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
GEORGE WILLIAM ACKERMAN
Flight Sergeant, 57 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (Service Number: 1407092)
George William Ackerman was born in 1922 in Cardiff to George Ackerman, a dock wharf labourer, and Eva Ackerman née Christelow. He attended Cardiff High School for Boys. In 1939 the Ackerman family were living at 37 Clydesmuir Road, Tremorfa. In 1942 George marries Betty Gallie. They have two children, one of which is born some months after George is killed aged 22. George joins the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve but is shot down over Germany on 21 Mar 1945. He was aboard Lancaster LM653 which crashed just near the village of Friedrichsthal, east of Kransberg, in western Germany (north of Frankfurt). This was the last operational loss of 57 Squadron for WWII. The crew’s mission was a diversionary raid on the town of Halle; the main force targeting the synthetic oil plant at Böhlen. The crew of LM653 were initially buried in a communal grave in Kransberg and were later (post-war) reinterred in the Hanover War Cemetery. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
ARTHUR JOHN ADAMS
Private, 58th Battalion, Machine Gun Corps (Infantry), (Service Number 125632)
Arthur John Adams was born in Cardiff in 1898 to Frederick Adams, a Ship’s Rigger and Sophia Adams née Norris. The family lived at 150 Portmanmoor Road, Splott. Arthur served in the 58th Battalion of the Machine Gun Corps. He died on 28th Aug 1918 aged 20 on the Western Front. He is remembered on the Vis-en-Artois memorial south east of Arras in France. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Private, 10th Battalion. South Wales Borderers (Service Number 21338)
Charles Adams was born in Cardiff in 1893 to Richard Adams originally from Clun, Shropshire, a blast furnace worker and Margaret Adams née James from Rhymney, Monmouthshire. In 1901, Charles, aged 8, was living at 11 Menelaus Street in East Moors. In 1911 he is living with his uncle in Rhymney and working as a collier underground. He enlists in New Tredegar and serves with the 10th battalion of the South Wales Borderers. He died of wounds at the 33 Casualty Clearing Station, Bethune on the Western Front on 8th Apr 1916 aged 23. He is buried at the Bethune Town Cemetery in France (grave reference: III. G. 44.). His Commonwealth War Graves Commission record proudly states that he was a native of East Moors. He is remembered on the war memorial at New Tredegar.
ERNEST JAMES ADAMS
Private, 22nd Field Bakery Army Service Corps (Service Number S4/173504)
Ernest James Adams was born in 1882 in Elm Street, Roath to James Adams, a shipwright, originally from Somerset and Annie Adams née Wright from Cardiff. In 1891 the Adams family were living in Woodcock Street, Roath. Ten years later in 1901 Ernest is living and working as a baker at Sirrell’s Bakery on Castle Road (later renamed City Road). He is still there in 1911. On 21st November 1916 he marries Emily (Lily) Sirrell, originally from Leominster, Herefordshire, the bakery owner’s sister who also worked at Sirrell’s bakery. They lived at 5 Penlline Street, Roath. Ernest served as a Territorial in the Royal Garrison Artillery before the war then attested under the Derby Scheme in Cardiff on 5th December 1915. He joined the Army Service Corps on 28th March 1916 and embarked for Salonika 24 December 1916. He died of bronchial pneumonia on 10th Oct 1918 aged 36 at the 21st Stationary Hospital Salonika. He is buried at Sarigol Military Cemetery (plot A16), Salonika, Greece. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. Lily doesn’t remarry and lives with other members of the Sirrell family in Inverness Place, Roath and passes away aged 87 in 1959.
Private, 1/6th Battalion. Cheshire Regiment (Service Number 66000)
William Adams was born on 8th February 1899 in Roath to Emily Adams, originally from Barnstable, Devon. In 1901 the family are living at 1 Crofts Street together with William’s grandparents John and Elizabeth Dowdle. His mother remarries and moves to Penarth but William continues to live with his grandparents. After leaving school he was employed as a warehouseman for Reese and Gwillim, grocers, 2 Penylan Road. He attested in Cardiff 10th January 1917 and mobilised 6th March 1917. He served in the 51st (Graduated) Battalion Training Reserve (Cheshire Regiment) and embarked 18th January 1918. He joined the 6th Battalion Cheshire Regiment in the field on 29th January 1918. He was killed in his first action 28th February 1918, aged 19. He is buried at Fins New British Cemetery, France. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
WILLIAM CHARLES HENRY ADAMS
William Charles Henry Adams was born on 29th January 1909 in Cardiff to William Henry Adams, a fish salesman originally from Tring in Hertfordshire and Phyllis May Adams ( née Williams). In 1911 the family were living at 13 Rolls Street, Canton. In 1929, Cardiff William enlisted in the Merchant Navy. In the same year he marries Phyllis May Williams in Cardiff. In 1939 he is living at 160 Pearl Street, Splott and is employed as a paint warehouseman. He died, aged 32, on 3rd March 1941 at 160 Pearl Street during an air raid. That was the night a lot of incendiary bombs were dropped on the city. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
WILLIAM HENRY ADAMS
Private, 5th (Reserve) Battalion, Grenadier Guards (Service Number 9774).
William Henry Adams was born in Whitchurch, Cardiff on 16th April 1881 to William Adam, a blacksmith and Margaret Adams née Prosser. He attended Whitchurch School. He marries Lily Pigott in 1909 and they have four daughters between 1910 and 1916. In 1911 the Adams family were living at 19 Minster Street, Cathays and William working for the Taff Vale Railway engineer’s department as a cupolaman (a cupola being a furnace in which pig-iron and scrap is melted prior to casting). Later they lived at 160 Woodville Road, Cathays. William Adams enlisted in the Grenadier Guards in Newport and died in London on 7th December 1917 at Queen Alexandra’s Hospital in Millbank Barracks, London aged 36. He is buried in Cardiff in Cathays Cemetery (plot CE 1197). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
ARTHUR ROBERTSON ADAMSON
Gunner, 2nd Battalion, Welsh Regiment (Service Number 106422)
Arthur Adamson was born in 1882 In Wallsend, Tyneside to John Adamson, a foreman blacksmith and Agnes Adamson née Robertson. By 1891 the family had moved to Cardiff but Arthur’s father John died in 1902. When Arthur signs up for the army in December 1915 he describes himself as a laundry depot manager and living with his widowed mother and siblings at 21 Moorland Road. He is killed in action in France on 23rd March 1917 and his grave is at Faubourg-d’Amiens Cemetery, Arras, Fance. He is remembered on the Splott War Memorial at St Saviour’s church in Cardiff. Commonwealth War Graves Commission
ALBERT EDWIN ADDICOTT
Private, 2nd Battalion. East Surrey Regiment (Service Number 6994)
Albert Edwin Addicott was born on 10th August 1892 in Barry to Albert Addicott and Mary Maria Addicott née Cribb. He was baptised on 1st Feb 1893 with the home address given as 136 Queen Street, Barry. His mother dies a year later in 1894 and his father goes onto remarry a couple of times. In 1901 the Addicott family are living in Minster Street, Cathays. He attends Crwys Road, Gladstone and then Albany Road schools. In 1911 Albert was 19, living in Cyfarthfa Street as a boarder and working as a railway engine cleaner. His father and family were living nearby at 71, Strathnairn Street, Roath. He enlists in Cardiff and joins the East Surrey Regiment. He embarked on 18th May 1915 and died less than a week later in Belgium on 24th May 1915 aged 21 on the Western Front. He has no known grave but is remembered on the Menin Gate memorial in Ypres, Belgium. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. His half brother Alfred Tudor Addicott is killed in WWII.
ALFRED TUDOR ADDICOTT
Aircraftman 1st Class, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (Service Number: 1835722)
Alfred Tudor Addicott and was born 8th April 1902 in Cardiff to Albert Addicott, a stone mason / newspaper vendor originally from Taunton, and Mary Ann Addicott née Harris originally from Machen. He was baptised in 1903 when the Addicott family were living at 109 Cyfarthfa Street, Roath. In 1910 he enters Albany Road school, still living at 109 Cyfarthfa Street but by 1911 the family have moved to 71 Strathnairn Street, Roath. In 1922 he marries Elsie May Woolacott and gives his profession on the wedding certificate as ship’s storekeeper, merchant navy. At some stage around this time he adopts the middle name Tudor. In 1936 he remarries, this time to Elizabeth Williams in Bangor North Wales. They have at least one child. Alfred joins the RAF Volunteer Reserve but dies on 16th March 1944 aged 42. His death is registered in Cambridge but the circumstances of his death are not available. He is buried at Cathays Cemetery (Grave reference: EI 228). His wife Elizabeth lived at 68 Mackintosh Place, Roath Park. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
JAMES THOMAS ADDICOTT
Third Engineer Officer. Merchant Navy. S.S. Ashbury
James Thomas Addicott was born on 14th Nov 1909 in Cardiff to James Thomas Addicott, an ironworks labourer, and Maria Addicott née Goodfellow. He married Alice Minnie Evans in 1929 and they lived at 1 Teal Street, Roath. They had six children, the youngest born after James Addicott had died. He worked as an engineer for Great Western Railways and later joined the merchant navy. He was the Third Engineer Officer aboard the S.S. Ashbury that was a steam cargo ship wrecked on 8 January 1945 off the north coast of Scotland. James Addicott suffered an unlucky death. The SS Ashbury had been requisitioned under the Ministry of War Transport but sent home from the Mediterranean for repairs with 240 of its 992 condenser tubes plugged with sawdust. Its destination had originally been the East Coast but it was diverted to Workington, Cumbria where it off-loaded its cargo of iron ore. The SS Ashbury now needed to sail around the north of Scotland to reach the Tyne for its planned repair. It stopped off in Loch Ewe. The weather deteriorated and the ship lost one of its two anchors. Also the regular engineer was taken to hospital with appendicitis and replaced by James Addicott. The SS Ashbury joined a convoy of ships going north around Scotland but headed into a force nine gale. With an under-powered engine and only one anchor it fell behind the convoy and got shipwrecked on rocks despite attempts to save it. It was the worst loss of a merchant ship during World War Two, in an incident not caused by enemy action. The crew of 42 were all drowned and the body of James Addicott was one of those recovered. He died aged 37 and is buried at Tongue Parish Church in the north of Scotland (Sec. G. Grave 15). References: BBC WW2 People’s War, Shipwreck Report of Court, Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Private. 39th Field Ambulance, Royal Army Medical Corps (Service Number 49270)
Jeremiah ‘Jerry’ Affley was born in Cardiff in 1889 to John Affley, a dock labourer from Cardiff and Bridget Affley née Collins, from Cardiff. In the 1911 census the Affley family are living at 18 Railway Street. Jerry, like his father, worked as a dock labourer before he enlisted in Cardiff. He entered into the war on 5th July 1915 in Egypt. He died on 10th March 1916 aged 27 by drowning in Mesopotamia. He is commemorated at the Basra Memorial (Panel 42). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. (In researching Jerry I discovered his brother Billy played rugby for Cardiff and then Dewsbury and another brother Jimmy, a labourer and part-time musician, fathered Declan Affley, an Australian folk singer)
Private, 9th Battalion, Welsh Regiment (Service Number 38953)
Jeremiah Ahern was born in 1877 in Cardiff to Michael Ahern, a docks labourer, and Julia Ahern née Regan, both originally from Ireland. Jeremiah Ahern was a docks labourer himself before joining the 9th Battalion, Welsh Regiment. He lived at 9 Pellett Street, Adamsdown with his sisters Julia and Mary and brother-in-law Michael Murphy. He was killed on the Western Front on 15th November 1916 aged 39. The South Wales Echo reported he had been on the front for about 12 months and was killed by a shell. His officer reported that he ‘considered him one of his steadiest men, always willing and eager to do his duty and help any of his comrades’. He is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial, France.
JOHN KENNETH AINSLEY
Lieutenant, 77 Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery (Service Number 189933)
John Kenneth Ainsley was born in Cardiff in 1910 to Thomas Liddle Ainsley, a marine compass adjuster, and Evelyn Hetta Ainsley née Spencer. He was baptised on August 21st at St Andrew & St Teilo in Cathays. The family home in the 1911 census was Column Road in the centre of Cardiff. The Ainsley family later moved to Lake Road West. John Ainsley marries Barbara Mary Allin in 1937 in Cardiff and they have one child together living at the Allin family home in Cyncoed Crescent. John joins the Royal Artillery TA in 1938 based at Maindy Barracks, Cardiff. The 77 HAA Regiment RA sailed from the Clyde bound for the Middle East on 6th December 1941. By the time they reached Durban in South Africa early in January 1942, their destination had been changed to Singapore. Their destination was changed again to Batavia (now called Djakarta). They arrived at Batavia, Java on board the Empress of Australia on 4th February 1942. In the early hours of 6th February 1942 a troop train carrying part of 77 HAA Regiment RA was involved in a rail accident just outside Soerabaja, Java when it smashed into an ammunition train on a single track on a bridge over a ravine. Some thirty members of 77 HAA Regiment RA, including John Kenneth Ainsley, were killed in the accident and nearly one hundred were injured. He died aged 31 and is buried/remembered at Jakarta War Cemetery (ref: Mem. 5. E. 14) and is also remembered on the war memorial plaque in St Ederyn’s church, Cardiff. John’s Commonwealth War Grave Commission record. A memorial board to the dead of 77th (Welsh) HAA Regiment was carved with a penknife by a prisoner of war in Changi POW Camp, and hung in a church built by the POWs. The church was destroyed by the Japanese, but the memorial was later found and re-hung in the Tabernacle Welsh Baptist Chapel, Cardiff.
Private, 8th Battalion. Welsh Regiment (Service Number 12265)
Joseph Akerman was born in Cardiff on 22nd September 1894 to William Akerman, a dock labourer, originally from Ashcott, Somerset and Eliza Akerman née Turner, who was born at sea. Joseph attended Splott Road school after which he was employed as a boilermaker. He enlisted in Cardiff on 22nd August 1914 and served with the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force as a Private in the 8th Battalion. Welsh Regiment. He was wounded in the thigh by shrapnel at Chocolate Hill, Suvla, Gallipoli brought home and admitted to Splott Road Military Hospital on 30th August 1915. Joseph Akerman died of wounds on 16th September 1915 aged 20 in the school where he was educated which was being used as a military hospital on. He is buried at Cathays Cemetery, Cardiff (plot EB 18). The address of his parents at the time of his army service is recorded as being 12 Singleton Road, East Moors. He is remembered on the Splott War Memorial. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Private, 16th (Royal Devon & R.Nth. Devon Yeomanry) Battalion, Devonshire Regiment (Service Number 67705)
William Alford was born on 15th Oct 1898 in Barnstable Devon. His father William Henry Alford was a carpenter by trade. In 1901 the family are living at 23 Forrest Road, Canton, Cardiff. In 1904 the family have moved 5 Grouse Street in Roath and William is enrolled in Stacey Road Infants School, Cardiff having previously attended Grange School. In 1910 he is enrolled at Howard Gardens. In the 1911 census the family consisting of his father William Henry (42), Eliza (44) his mother, his sister Edith (3) and widowed grandmother Jane (75) and William (12) are still living in Grouse Street. He serves in the army and was awarded the following medals: Britain, Campaign, Gallantry & Long Service Medals & Awards. He died on 22nd Sep 1918 aged 20 in northern France. He is buried at Ronssoy Communal Cemetery (Section B, Grave 8) in the Somme region of France. He is remembered on the memorials at St Edward’s church and Howardian school. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record
Fireman and Trimmer, Merchant Seaman, S.S. Carsbreck
Mohamed Ali was born in Aden in 1894 and married Eliza Henrietta Kennedy in 1936 in Cardiff. In the 1939 Eliza Ali and Mohamed’s stepson Edward Pearce Ali were living at 95 Glenroy Street, Roath. They later lived at 13 Keppoch Street, Roath. He was a fireman and trimmer on board the S.S Carsbreck, a British cargo steamship. The Carsbreck had been torpedoed once before in 1940 but survived. In October 1941 Carsbreck, carrying 6000t of iron ore, formed part of a convoy sailing from from Almeria, Spain to Barrow-in-Furness. After passing through the Strait of Gibraltar it was torpedoed and sunk by a German U-boat on 24th October 1941. Mohamed Ali, aged 47, was one of 24 crew that drowned. 18 crew survived He is remembered on the Tower Hill Memorial to merchant seamen in London (Panel 24). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
ALFRED HENRY ALLARD
Lance Corporal, 8th (Service) Battalion, Devonshire Regiment (Service Number 10669)
Alfred Henry ‘Harry’ Allard was born at Frome, Somerset on 25 Sep 1894 to John Thomas Allard, an iron works erector, and Sarah Ann ‘Annie’ Allard, née Singer, both originally from Somerset. Harry attended Stacey Road school. In the 1911 census the Allard family were living at 1 Vere Street, Roath and Harry was working as a plumber’s assistant. He enlisted in Bristol. He served as a Lance Corporal in the 8th Battalion of the Devonshire Regiment. He was killed in action on the Western Front on 25 Sep 1915, on his 21st birthday. He is remembered on the Loos memorial in France. He is also remembered on the Broadway Methodist church war memorial plaque now at the Trinity Centre. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Sergeant, 4th Battalion, Black Watch (Royal Highlanders), (Service Number 1045)
Thomas Allday was born in Dundee on 19th May 1894. He was the son of Henry George Allday, a draper, originally from Southampton and Emma Kate Allday, née Tuppen, originally from Brighton. Before enlisting in Dundee Thomas was an apprentice watchmaker and was well known for his connection with the Y.M.C.A. He served with the 4th Battalion of the Black Watch (Royal Highlanders). On 26th Feb 1915 he was admitted to hospital with influenza and transferred back to Cardiff’s King Edward VIII hospital. He was baptised as an adult in the hospital, by officials from St German’s church, Splott on 27th May 1915. On recovering he returned to France but was killed in action on 25th Sep 1915 on the Western Front in France aged 21. He is remembered on the Loos Memorial in France (panel 78-83). He is also remembered on the Grove Academy memorial plaque at Broughty Ferry, Dundee and the war memorial plaque at St German’s church, Cardiff. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. Summary of the life of Thomas Allday at Great War Dundee website.
ALBERT HENRY ALLEN
Lance Corporal, 2nd Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers (Service Number 11093)
Albert Henry Allen was born in 1895 to Albert Allen, a stationary engine driver for Cardiff Corporation, originally from St Mellons, and Ann Maria Allen née Bishop originally from Trowbridge, Wiltshire. He was one of ten children but his mother Ann died in 1904. The Allen family lived at 11 Letty Street, Cathays. Albert was employed as a carriage painter for Taff Vale Railway before he enlisted in the Army in Wrexham in 1912. He was killed in action 30 October 1914 aged 19 on the Western Front in France. He is buried at the Du-Hem Military Cemetery, La Gorgue, France. He is remembered on the memorial plaque at St Andrew’s and St. Teilo’s Church, Woodville Road, Cathays. He was also remembered on the Oddfellows Memorial plaque in Newport Road. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
GEORGE WILLIAM ALLEN
Private, 9th Battalion, Welsh Regiment (Service Number 13970)
George William Allen was born in 1896 to George Allen, a blacksmith, originally from Shepton Mallet, Somerset, and Emily Allen née Wood, from Cardiff. The Allen family lived at 64 Coburn Street, Cathays. Before enlisting George was employed in the building trade. He enlisted in Cardiff in September 1914. He was killed in action by shellfire on 8th October 1916, aged 20, on the Western Front. He is buried at the Hebuterne Military Cemetery, France (gave IV. Q. 7.) He is remembered on the St.Teilo’s Church memorial, Cathays. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
HUGH TAYLOR ALLEN
Corporal, 1st battalion, East Surrey Regiment (Service Number 36576)
Hugh Taylor Allen was born on 23rd Sep 1896 in Basford, Nottinghamshire to Thomas Holtom Allen, a clerk, originally from Stratford on Avon, and Robina Allen née Munro originally from Scotland. The Allen family appears to have moved regularly given that Hugh’s siblings were born in various places in England, though in the 1901 and 1911 census the family are settled in Cardiff. In 1911 the family are living in 119 Tewkesbury Street, Cathays and Hugh attends Howard Gardens Secondary School. When Hugh Allen signs up for the East Surrey Regiment and states his profession as a Pupil Teacher and living at 22 Salisbury Road, Cathays. He dies on 21st May 1918 but has no known grave and is remembered on panel 6 of the Ploegsteert Memorial in Belgium. He is also remembered on the Howard Gardens Memorial now in Howardian Primary School. He is also remembered on the St Teilo’s Church war memorial, Cathays and Cardiff Corporation war memorial. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
WILLIAM EDGAR ALLIN
Private, 2nd Battalion, Honourable Artillery Company (Service Number 10624)
William Edgar Allin was born in Cardiff in 1883 to William Allin, originally from Hackney, London and a commission agent for a grocery and Annie Allin née Dutson, originally from Reading, Berkshire. In 1911 the Allin family are living at 40 Richmond Road. William Edgar Allin marries Florence Winifred Jenkins of 28 Lochaber Street, Roath Park, on 29th Jan 1914 at Woodville Road Baptist Chapel. He serves as a Private in the Honourable Artillery Company on the Western Front but is killed in Reutal in Belgium on 9th October 1917 aged 34. He is remembered on the Tyne Cot memorial in Belgium (panel 7). His war service records and probate record his address as 28 Lochaber Street. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission record lists his widow Florence Winifred Jenkins living at 24 Ilton Road, Penylan. In 1939 she is living in Barry with her brother. She dies in Brighton in 1980 aged 93.
Captain, Merchant Navy, S.S.Pluton
Jacob Anderson was born in Christiansand, Norway in 1862 to Jacob and Marie Anderson. In 1887 he marries Mary Ann Bowles from Swansea. They have two children including Alice in 1898. He gains his Master Mariner certificate in May 1890. In 1909 he becomes a British Citizen. The Anderson family live in various places in Cardiff including Paget Street, Grangetown in 1911. He was Captain of S.S. Pluton on a voyage from Port Talbot to Rouen with a cargo of patent fuel when she was sunk by submarine UB31 in the English Channel 6 miles off Start Point, Devon on 9 September 1917. Jacob Anderson, aged 55, was one of ten crew who lost their lives. The newspaper report in Sept 1918 states that his wife and daughter lately lived at Diana Street, Roath. He is not commemorated by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission records.
KARL ALEXANDER ANDERSON
Messenger Boy, Merchant Navy, S.S. Empire Cromwell.
Karl Alexander Anderson was born in SPlott, Cardiff in 1924 to Karl Anton Anderson and Elsie May Anderson née Thorson. The family lived at 2 Tenby Street, Splott. Karl worked as a messenger boy on board the S.S. Empire Cromwell. He lost his life, aged 18, when the Empire Cromwell was torpedoed and sunk off the coast of Trinidad on 28th Nov 1942 by U-boat-508. She was carrying about 1000t of chrome ore at the time. About half the crew of 50 lost their lives with the other half rescued and taken to Port of Spain, Trinidad. The Empire Cromwell was barely a year old having been built in Sunderland in 1941. Karl Anderson is remembered on the Tower Hill Memorial to Merchant Seamen.
ERNEST JOHN ANDERTON
Private, 2/8th Battalion, Manchester Regiment (service number: 302353)
Ernest John Anderton was born in c1889 in Cardiff to Joseph Anderton, a gardener, originally from Birmingham, and Caroline Anderton from Cardiff. Ernest was employed as a haulier for the Gwalia Company, coal merchants. He married Florence Louisa Gould (b. c1890) from Cardiff in early 1911 and in the census that year they were living at 13 Treorky Street, Cathays. Ernest enlisted in Cardiff. He was killed in action on the Western Front on 29 April 1917, aged 27, when serving as a Private with the 2/8th Battalion, Manchester Regiment. He is buried at the Sailly-Labourse Communal Cemetery Extension, France. A newspaper report states that they were living at 23 Talworth Street, Roath at the time of his death. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Private. 8th Battalion, Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) (Service Number S/7411)
George Andrews was born in Spring 1895 in Cardiff to John Andrews a bathstone stonemason and Mary Andrews née Lewis. He was one of eleven children. The family lived at 1 Moorland Road, Splott. He originally enlisted in Cardiff with the 2nd Welsh Royal Field Artillery in 1912. He served on the Western Front with the Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) and died of wounds 16th February 1916 aged 20. He is buried at the Bailleul Communal Cemetery Extension, France in grave II. C. 142. George Andrews is remembered on the Splott War Memorial in front of St Saviour’s church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
CISSY GWENDOLINE ANGELL
Cissy Gwendoline ‘Gwen’ Angell was born Cissy Gwendoline Lloyd on 23rd Sept 1904 in Cathays, Cardiff to William Lloyd, a shipwright, and Elizabeth Martha Sophia Lloyd, née Taylor. She was christened in St John’s church on 20th Oct 1904. The Lloyd family lived at 26 Tewkesbury Place, Cathays and Gwen attended Roath Park Primary school. Gwen marries widower Edgar Angell, a steam roller driver, on 25th August 1928 at St Margaret’s church, Roath. In the 1939 Register she is living with her mother at 159 Broadway, Roath. She is killed as a result of an air raid on 3 Mar 1941. Although the house survives it appears that a bomb may have hit an air raid shelter and she died the following day, 4th Mar, at Cardiff Royal Infirmary, aged 36. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record (note that the record seems to incorrectly give her mother’s surname as Angell rather than Lloyd). She is buried at Cathays Cemetery, plot B1420a, close to where she grew up (no headstone found).
EDWARD CHARLES ANSON
Lance Bombardier, 22nd Field Regiment, Royal Artillery (Service Number 802804)
Edward Charles Anson was born in Cardiff on 2nd April 1912 at 125 Glenroy Street, Roath to Oscar Anson, a Marine Engineer originally from Gothenburg, Sweden, and Maud Mary Anson née Smith, from Monmouthshire. He married Kathleen McCarthy (1914-2002) in Cardiff in 1938. They had a daughter Christine born in Cardiff in 1942. Edward died on 17th July 1944 in Italy aged 32 when serving with the Royal Artillery. He is buried at the Arezzo War Cemetery in Italy (Grave: II.D.30). His brother Jack also died in WWII. They are both remembered on the war memorial plaque in St Martin’s church, Albany Road. Edward is also remembered on his wife’s headstone in Pantmawr cemetery, Cardiff. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
JOHN OSCAR HENRY ANSON
Able Seaman, Royal Navy, H.M.S. Onslow (Service Number D/J 107883)
John ‘Jack’ Oscar Henry Anson was born in Cardiff on 4th Dec 1906 at 125 Glenroy Street, Roath to Oscar Anson, a Marine Engineer originally from Gothenburg, Sweden, and Maud Mary Anson née Smith, from Monmouthshire. He attended Albany Road primary school. He joined the Royal Navy in 1923 and served on a variety of ships including the Valiant, Queen Elizabeth and Vivid. He married Jessie Kingdon in South Molton, Devon in 1935. In WWII Jack Anson served on board the Destroyer HMS Onslow which helped provide escorts for North American convoys. On 31st December 1942, in what became known as the Battle of the Barents Sea, north of Norway, the Onslow came under heavy fire when defending a convoy from superior enemy forces. During the battle Onslow was hit and fire broke out and a number of crew lost their lives including Jack Anson aged 36. Captain Robert Sherbrooke of HMS Onslow was awarded the Victoria Cross for the way in which it defended the convoy. He acknowledged that it had really been awarded in honour of the whole crew of HMS Onslow. In the action the Captain had been badly wounded and he lost the sight in his left eye. Jack Anson is remembered on the Plymouth Naval Memorial (panel 64). He is also remembered on the war memorial plaque in St Martin’s church, Albany Road, Cardiff. Commonwealth War Graves Commission website.
THOMAS JOHN EDMUND ANSTEY
Corporal, City of London Yeomanry (Rough Riders), (Service Number 1613)
Thomas ‘Tom’ John Edmund Anstey was born in Cardiff on 27th Aug 1884 to Thomas Henry Anstey, a railway clerk, originally from Llangattock, and Eliza Hannah Anstey née Morse originally from Cheltenham. His mother dies in 1888 when he is only four and Tom goes to live with his grandmother in Henllys, Monmouthshire. He attended primary school at Hafodyrynys School, Monmouthshire and then returned to Cardiff to attend Cardiff Higher Grade School (Howard Gardens). By 1901 he had moved to live with his aunt in Wandsworth London. He worked as a clerk at the Finsbury Circus Branch of the Capital and Counties Bank. He joined the City of London Yeomanry in October 1909 and is promoted to Corporal in 1914. When war breaks out he volunteers for foreign service and went to Egypt with his regiment in April 1915 and from there to Suvla Bay, Gallipoli in August. He is killed in action on 6 Oct 1915 aged 31. That night he was covering a party of Royal Engineers who were erecting a barbed wire entanglements about 50 yards from the Turkish trenches. He is buried at Green Hill Cemetery in Gallipoli. The Commonwealth War Records Commission record for Tom records his father living at 17 Dalton Street, Cathays. Tom is remembered on the Howard Gardens School memorial and the St Teilo’s church war memorial in Cardiff, and with a memorial plaque at Church of St Michael and All Angels, Llantarnam and one at St Ann’s Church in Wandsworth. During the period from 1905 to 1914 Tom became very interested in researching both his family ancestry and the Anstey surname. His great-nephew has since taken up the research and published a book on the Anstey surname authored by Gary Anstey and posthumously by his great-uncle Tom.
Private, 8th Battalion, Welsh Regiment (Service Number: 11788)
Arthur Antcliffe was born in Cardiff in 1894 to Alfred Antcliffe, a stoker in a brick works, originally from Bolingbrook, Lincolnshire, and Selena Antcliffe née Fussell originally from Bristol. The Antcliffe family lived at 11 Dalton Street, Cathays. Arthur Antcliffe enlisted in Cardiff and was killed in action on 8th August 1915 in Gallipoli, Turkey. He is remembered on the Helles Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey, aged 21. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. His brother Henry was also killed in WWI.
Driver, 231st Medium Trench Mortar Battery, Royal Field Artillery (Service Number 28975)
Henry ‘Harry’ Antcliffe was born in Cardiff in c1893 to Alfred Antcliffe, a stoker in a brick works, originally from Bolingbrook, Lincolnshire, and Selena Antcliffe née Fussell originally from Bristol. The Antcliffe family lived at 11 Dalton Street, Cathays. He died on 14th July 1917 on the Western Front in France. He is buried at the Bailleul Road East Cemetery, St. Laurent Blangy, France (Grave: I.N.2). Henry was the brother of Arthur Antcliffe who was also killed in WWI. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
IVOR WILLIAM ARNOLD
Sergeant (Navigator), 295 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (Service Number 1254407)
Ivor William Arnold was born in Cardiff on 24th Apr 1913 to William Arnold, a shunter driver for Great Western Railways, and originally from Magor, Monmouthshire, and Beatrice Arnold née Beazley, from Cardiff. Ivor may well have been born in 4 Spring Gardens Place, Roath, as that’s where his parents William and Beatrice were living at the time of the 1911 census. He attended Howard Gardens secondary school from 1925-29. Ivor married Florence Mable Slee in Cardiff in 1936. In 1939 they were living in 10 Gelligaer Gardens, Cathays and Ivor is working as a railway clerk. They have a son together in 1941. Ivor joins the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve and is a navigator but is killed in action on 19 Feb 1943 aged 29. The plane he was navigating, Whitley ND538, was involved in a raid on three electricity transformers at Distre, near Saemur, France when it was hit by anti-aircraft fire. He and the other crew are buried at Saemur Communal Cemetery. His probate record from later in 1943 records his address as having been 157 Treharris Street, Roath. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. He is remembered on the Howardian School War Memorial now in Howardian Primary School.
WILLIAM ARTHUR GEORGE ARNOLD
Driver, 34 Army Brigade, Royal Field Artillery (Service Number: 43162)
William Arthur George Arnold was born on 20th Oct 1895 in Splott, Cardiff in 1895 to George Arnold, a railway inspector originally from Magor, Monmouthshire and Alice Margaret Arnold née Townsend, from Chepstow, Monmouthshire. William was baptised at St German’s church on 14th November 1895 when the family lived at 27 Prince Leopold Street. In 1901 the Arnold family were living at 46 Swinton Street, Splott, and in 1911 they are living in Newport and George is working as an apprentice house painter but by 1912 he has returned to Cardiff and working for Great Western Railways (GWR) as a van boy and later a parcel porter. He enlists in June 1915 and is a driver in the Royal Field Artillery. He is honourably discharged in Apr 1919 due to sickness and awarded the Silver War badge. He returns to working for GWR as a crossing keeper in Ely in Dec 1919 but is absent sick in Sep 1920 and dies on 20 Nov 1920. He was remembered on the Oddfellows war memorial plaque in Newport Road which is now believed to have been destroyed.
EUSTACE THOMAS ARNOTT
Aircraftman 1st Class, 111 Squadron, RAF (Service Number 532387)
Eustace Thomas Arnott was born on 17th July 1918 in Cardiff to Sidney John Arnott, who worked in the steel mills, and Mary Louisa Arnott née Davis, both from Cardiff. Eustace was probably born at 112 Moorland Road, Splott where the Arnott family lived at the time of the 1911 census and the 1939 register. He attended Howard Gardens high school from 1930-33. He joins the RAF and in the 1939 register appears in London with other RAF personnel and entered as Aircraftman 1st Class Thomas E Arnott, 111 Squadron, which was a squadron flying hurricanes. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission record states he died on 25 Jun 1940 with no details of where he died. He would have been 21. Another source records him and thirty other RAF personnel being lost when the ocean liner RMS Lancastia was sunk off Saint-Nazaire on 17 Jun 1940 evacuating 6000 people from France. He is remembered on the RAF Runnymede Memorial in Surrey and the Howardian school memorial board now in Howardian Primary School.
William Arthur died at 7 Cathays Terrace in the Cardiff Blitz on 3rd March 1941. Casualty. He was 64 years old. He is buried in an unmarked grave in Cathays Cemetery, Plot EJ 2381, close to the Cardiff Blitz Memorial which contains his name. According to his death certificate his occupation was a boilerman. No other background information has been found on William Arthur as yet. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
WILLIAM HENRY ASHMORE
Lance Corporal, 1st Siege Company, Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Service Number: 6111)
William Henry Ashmore was born in Cardiff in 1893 to Henry Ashmore, a docks labourer, originally from Birmingham, and Mable Isobel Ashmore née Bloomfield from Cardiff. William, was bought up in Shakespeare Street, Roath and later moved to 15 Tin Street, Adamsdown. Like his father he was a docks labourer. He attended St Peter’s RC church and played rugby for the St. Peters and Adamsdown clubs. He enlisted in Cardiff and became a Lance Corporal in the 1st Siege Company of Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers. The Number 1 siege company landed at Havre on November 3 1914 and on Christmas Day 1914 was sent to Wilverghem in the Ypres Salient with the 5th Division, where it stayed until after William’s death in April 1915. He died of wounds on 14 May 1915, aged 21. He was the first of his Company to die aboard. He is buried at the Bailleul Communal Cemetery, France. He is remembered on the Cardiff Railway Roll of Honour at the Pierhead Building in Cardiff Bay. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. In 2013, Ellen Branagh, researched and visited the grave of her great uncle William Henry Ashmore as reported in WalesOnline.
ARCHIBALD ALBERT ASHTON
Private, 2nd Battalion, Welsh Regiment (Service Number: 23040)
Albert Ashton was born Archibald Albert Ashton in late 1892 in Cardiff to George Henry and Maud Ashton née Stokes of 41 Constellation Street, Adamsdown, Cardiff. He drops the name Archibald and appears to just call himself just Albert Ashton. He enlists in Cardiff in Nov 1914. He married Emily Cox in May of 1916 and have one daughter Louisa born just before they marry and live at 16 Sandon Place, Adamsdown. Prior to the war he worked at the docks. He died later that year on 25th Aug 1916 at the Battle of the Somme in France. He is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial in France. In 1939 the widowed Emily Ashton is living with her elderly mother in 25 Windsor Road, Cardiff. Emily dies in early 1951. Albert was brother of George Henry Ashton (see below). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record
GEORGE HENRY ASHTON
Company Serjeant Major, “D” Coy 4th Garrison Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers
George Henry ‘Harry’ Congdon Ashton was the son of George Henry and Maud Ashton née Stokes of 41 Constellation Street, Adamsdown, Cardiff. He was born in Pontypridd in early 1891 but moved to Constellation Street, Cardiff shortly afterwards and is baptised in Roath church in 1893. His father George was a baker. Maud had some 15 children in all. Harry joined the army in 1907 having previously been employed as a cellarman. He had 12 years’ service (service number: 47215) and served in China, North Africa, Mediterranean and France. He is wounded by a bullet in the lung in Dardanelles in 1915. He continues to serve but later contracts tuberculosis. He dies in hospital in Newport on 12th March 1919 aged 28. He was engaged to Victoire and although they refer to each other as husband and wife in letters don’t appear to have married. He is buried in Cathays Cemetery, Cardiff, grave EA. NC. 1684. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
REGINALD HENRY ASHTON
Third Mate, Merchant Navy, ‘S.S. Bayreaulx’
Reginald Henry Ashton was born on 29th May 1897 in Canton, Cardiff to Henry Ashton, a wood and stone carver, and Priscilla Ann Ashton née Evans, both from Cardiff. Reginald was baptised together with his brother Charles Vivian in 1899 in Canton. Sometime later they move to Whitchurch and later Woodville Road, Cathays and later again to 72 Crwys Road. We know he attended Gladstone Primary School. His mother Priscilla dies in 1910 aged 35. Reginald joins the merchant navy and was third mate aboard S.S. Bayreaulx when it was thought to have been hit by a torpedo and sunk off the south coast of Ireland on 23rd October 1916. He was 19 years old. The S.S. Bayreaulx had been travelling from Cardiff to Montreal carrying ballast, when she was intercepted and torpedoed by U63 under the command of Captain Otto Schulze. All 23 crew members were lost. He his remembered on the Tower Hill Memorial in London for Merchant Seamen (see picture). Herbert Edwards Dicks from Alfred Street, Roath was also killed on the same ship. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
CHARLES EDWARD ASPLIN
Private, 9th Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment (Service Number 15856)
Charles Edward Asplin was born in the summer of 1895 in Cardiff to Charles John Asplin, a postman and Sarah Asplin née Samuel from St Fagans, Cardiff. He attended Cardiff Higher Grade School (Howard Gardens) and the family lived were living at Bruce Street, Cathays in 1901 and then 58 Gelligaer St, Cathays in 1911. Charles Edward Asplin followed his father and worked as a postman. He signed up for the South Staffordshire Regiment as a transport driver aged 19 and serves on the Western Front. He was killed on 23rd December 1915 is buried at the Sailly-sur-la-Lys cemetery in eastern France. He is remembered on the Howardian war memorial plaque and the Cardiff Post Office workers plaque. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
WILLIAM THOMPSON ATKINSON
Second Mate, Mercantile Marine, S.S. “Torrington”
William Thompson Atkinson was born in 1888 in Cardiff to Captain William Thompson, a master mariner originally from Corbridge, Northumberland, and Elizabeth Atkinson née Davies. He was probably born in the Canton area of Cardiff but the family later move to 39 Crwys Road and William attends Cardiff Higher Grade School (Howard Gardens). He was employed as a solicitor’s clerk in Barry before going to sea. He followed his father into the merchant navy but loses his life in a cruel fashion. aged 28. He was serving as Second Mate on the SS Torrington. On 8 April 1917 the ship was sailing from Italy to Cardiff to load coal for the Italian railways. Shortly after 11.30am she was torpedoed by a German submarine, 150 miles off the Isles of Scilly. The torpedo hit forward of the bridge. A submarine then surfaced and opened fire on the ship. Capt. Starkey ordered his men into the lifeboats, but the submarine came alongside. Capt. Starkey was ordered below deck of the U-boat, which he did thinking he could save his men. Some of the crew went on the deck of the U-boat, whilst others remained in a lifeboat. The captain of the U-boat then ordered the vessel to dive remarking that “the others could swim”. Through the submerging of the U-boat about 20 member of the Torrington’s crew were washed off and killed. The remaining crew in the lifeboat were never heard of again. In total thirty four members of the crew were killed and Capt. Starkey was the only survivor. Wilhelm Werner, the captain of the submarine, and his actions had become well known to the authorities and he was charged with war crimes. He should have been on trial at Leipzig, but he fled to Brazil and was never tired for his crimes. William Atkinson is remembered on the Tower Hill memorial for merchant seamen in London and the Howardian war memorial plaque. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Private, 2nd Battalion, Welsh Regiment (Service Number: 13236)
Joseph Attwell was born in Pontypool in 1879 to John Attwell, a blast furnace worker originally from Cwmbran, and Ann Attwell née Dacey originally from Ireland. The Attwell family lived at 277 Portmanmoor Road. Joseph Attwell, like his father worked as a furnaceman. He enlisted in Cardiff and served on the Western Front as a Private in the 2nd Battalion, Welsh Regiment for one month. He was killed in action 25 May 1915, aged 36. He is remembered on the Le Touret Memorial in France and on the Splott War Memorial. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
LESLIE HYDE ATWILL
Private, 13th Battalion, Welsh Regiment (Service Number 57203)
Leslie Atwill was born in Cardiff on 20 May 1892 and baptised in St Andrew’s church in July with the family address given as the Drill Hall. He was one of three sons born to Sergeant-Major Thomas and Sarah Atwill née Gerard who lost their lives in WWI and a fourth son Ernest died serving in the British Army in China in 1911. The Atwill family move to Devon and Leslie is schooled at Meavy Church Of England School. By 1911 Leslie Atwill had returned to Cardiff and was living with his sister and brother-in-law in Edward Terrace (now called Churchill Way) and working in the drapery business. When he enlists in 1914 he was living at 7 Richmond Crescent. He initially enlisted in 2/7th Battalion Welsh Regiment and later transferred to 1/7th Battalion. He embarked at Southampton 26 July 1916 and then joined No. 6 Infantry Base Depot at Rouen 27 July 1916. He was then posted for duty with 1/6th (Glamorgan) Battalion. Welsh Regiment and later posted to 13th Battalion Welsh Regiment in the field 3 August 1916. He died pneumonia aged 24 on 30 January 1917. He is buried at the Mendinghem Military Cemetery in Belgium. He is remembered on the war memorial in the village of Walkhampton, Devon. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
PERCY GERARD ATWILL
Private, 13th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force (Service Number 1508A)
Percy Gerard Atwill was born 27 Nov 1887 in Cardiff, the fourth son of Sergeant-Major Thomas and Sarah Atwill née Gerard. The Atwill family were living at the Drill Hall, Dumfries Place and he was baptised at St Andrew’s church on Dec 23rd. The family later move to Devon and Percy attends Meavy Church Of England School and then works as a farm labourer before enlisting in 1906 and serving as a Regular in the Royal Garrison Artillery but was later discharged with heart problems. Percy travels to Australia and enlists in the Australian Imperial Force. He embarked at Sydney with 3rd Reinforcements on 11 February 1915. He was killed in action 27 August 1915 in Gallipoli, Turkey aged 27. He is remembered on the Lone Pine Memorial in Gallipoli. He is also remembered on St Martin’s church war memorial plaque in Roath and the Walkhampton War Memorial, Devon. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
THOMAS ALFRED ATWILL
Private, 10th Battalion, Australian Infantry, A.I.F. (Service Number 299)
Thomas Alfred Atwill was born in Dover in 1875. He was the oldest son of Sarah Helen Atwill née Gerard, from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada and Thomas Atwill, a Sergeant Major in the Royal Artillery, who were married in Canada in 1872. Thomas Alfred Atwill was baptised on 30th April 1875 in Dover Castle. The family then move to Cardiff and in 1881 are living at 80 Clifton Street. In 1891 they were living at the Drill Hall in Dumfries Place. He attends Cardiff Higher Grade School (Howard Gardens). The family then move to Walkhampton in Devon and are there in 1901 and 1911 but sometime later return to Cardiff and live at 7, Richmond Crescent. Three of the sons emigrated from the UK to Australia prior to the outbreak of World War I to try their hand at gold-mining. Prior to emigrating Thomas Alfred Atwill had served Glamorgan Volunteers Artillery. He enlists in the Australian Infantry in 1914, sails for Europe but is killed in action on 19th May 1915 aged 40 at Dardanelles, Gallipoli. He is buried in Shrapnel Gully, Gallipoli. Two of his brothers also die in WWI. He is remembered on a number of memorials in Australia, one in the village of Walkhampton in Devon and on the Howardian School memorial plaque and St Martin’s church, Roath in Cardiff. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Private, 8th Battalion, East Surrey Regiment, (Service Number G/5363)
George Aven was born on 7th Mar 1879 at 55 Pearl Street, Roath, to Charles Aven, a coal tipper for the Cardiff Railway Company and Mary Ann Aven née Watts, both from Cardiff. By 1911 the Aven family had moved to Canton and George, like his father, became a coal tipper for the Cardiff Railway Company. He enlisted in Cardiff and was initially with the Northamptonshire Regiment. He was killed in action on 1st September 1918, aged 39, near Combles on the Western Front. He is remembered on the Vis-En-Artois Memorial, France and also the Roll of Honour for workers of the Cardiff Railway Company on display at the Pierhead Building,Cardiff Bay. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
CHARLES EDWARD AVERY
Sapper, 6th Field Company, Canadian Engineers (Service Number 678267)
Charles Edward Avery was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on 19 May 1894 to Thomas Avery, a machinist, from Ontario and Elizabeth ‘Lizzy’ Jane Avery née Nash, also from Ontario. Charles worked as a bookbinder and lived at 48, Humberside Avenue, Toronto, before joining the 169th Battalion of the Canadian Overseas Expeditionary Force on 27 Jan 1916. He sails from Halifax, Nova Scotia and arrives in England on board the SS Metagama on 28 Oct 1916. He served in France. He transfers to the Canadian Engineers. He becomes ill in 1917 and is shipped back to UK where he is attended to in several military hospitals including Dudley. He died in Splott Military Hospital, Cardiff on 18 Nov 1918 of dysentery aged 24. He is buried in Cathays cemetery, Cardiff (plot EB.63). He is remembered on a war memorial plaque at High Park Avenue Methodist Church West in Toronto (now being converted into private accommodation) and the Canadian Virtual War Memorial. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
BERNARD WILLIAM AYRE
Driver, 250 (Airborne) Light Composite Company, Royal Army Service Corps (Service Number T/14852657)
Bernard William Ayre was born in Cardiff in 1926 to Frederick Charles Ayre, a seaman, originally from London and Sophia Irene Ayre née Schott, a dressmaker from Cardiff. In 1939 the now widowed Sophia Ayre and her four sons, Bernard being the youngest, were living at 148 Pormanmoor Road, Splott. Bernard joined the Royal Army Service Corps and was a driver. He died on 19 Apr 1945 aged 18. His death was registered in Lincoln. He is buried at Cathays Cemetery, Cardiff (section E.K. Grave 1002). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
VIVIAN HOWARD AYRES
Flying Officer (Pilot), 50 Squadron, Royal Air Force (Service Number 39479)
Vivian Howard Ayres was born in Cardiff in 1914 to Sidney Bert Ayres, a builder, originally from Cardiff and Francis Louisa Ayres née Hutchings, originally from Cornwall. He grew up at 105 Newport Road, attended Roath Park and St David’s schools and was a member or the 25th Scout (1st Scottish) troop, where his nickname was ‘Glaxo’, that meets at St Andrew’s church on Wellfield Road. The Ayres family later move to Rhiwbina. Vivian Ayres was an Assistant Scoutmaster and a member of the Cardiff Boys Amateur Boxing Club and later a light-heavyweight Boxing champion in the RAF bomber command. He joined the RAF in 1937 and trained at Hullavington and Thornaby. He was promoted to Flying Office in 50 Squadron of Bomber Command in 1939 and nicknamed ‘Dizzy’ Ayres. He died on 17th Mar 1940, aged 25, along with three other crew when the plane he was piloting, a Hampton 5063, crashed on Windy Gyle in the Cheviot Hills on the England/Scotland border returning from a night time security mission off the coast of Germany. It is thought that faulty direction-finding equipment at his air traffic control base at RAF Waddington in Lincolnshire was a factor in him being sent incorrect instructions. He is buried at Cathays cemetery, Cardiff (section V, grave 208). He is remembered on the Whitchurch war memorial in Cardiff. He is also remembered on a memorial plaque at the crash site. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
JOHN THOMAS BARTER
Private, 1st Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers (Service Number 9791)
John Thomas Barter was born on 4 Dec 1889 in Cathays, Cardiff to Samuel Barter, a labourer and gravedigger, originally from Chard, Somerset, and Emily Ann Barter nee Sage originally from Wells, Somerset. In 1891 the family are living in Minny Street, Cathays. John attended Crwys Road school but his mother sadly died when he was just eight years old. In 1901 the Barter family were living in Woodville Road, together with John’s grandparents. He was a well known local sprinter. He enlisted in Pontypridd and had completed almost seven years service in the Army when war broke out and was a member of the regiment’s cross-country team. He was part of the 1st Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers that suffered huge losses at the first Battle of Ypres, Belgium. He was presumed killed on 30 Oct 1914, aged 26. He has no known grave. He had been servant to Captain William Miles Kington who had been killed ten days previously. John Barter is remembered on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. His brother Frederick went on to win the Victoria Cross in 1915.
HENRY FRANK BASELOW
Second Lieutenant, 220th Company, Machine Gun Corps (Infantry) (Service Number PS/7607)
Henry Frank Baselow was born in 1897 in Harlesden, Middlesex to Henry David Frederick Baselow, a cigar manufacturer, originally from Rostock, Germany, and Alice Emma Bielski, originally from Cardiff. The family lived in both Middlesex and Mexico, where his father’s cigar factory was based. His father fought for Germany in the Franco-Prussian war but died in 1913 after which the family moved to Cardiff and lived at 55 Westville Road, Penylan. Henry Frank Baselow was employed in the accounts department of Morgan Wakely and Co, coal exporters, Mount Stuart Square, Docks, Cardiff. He joined a Public Schools Battalion, Royal Fusiliers in April 1915 and went to the Western Front the following November. He underwent Officer Cadet training at Oxford in May 1916 and was commissioned in the Hampshire Regiment in September 1916 and later transferred to Machine Gun Corps. He returned to France in February 1917 but was killed in action on 5 Oct 1917 aged 20. He is buried at the Buttes New British Cemetery, Belgium (grave XII. AA. 14). He was remembered on the Roath Park Wesleyan church memorial, currently in storage at Thornhill crematorium. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
LEON ASHER BASSMAN
Sergeant (Flight Engineer), 550 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (Service Number 1423298).
Leon ‘Lawrence’ Asher Bassman was born in Cardiff in 1922 to Henry Bassman, a cabinet maker and sales agent, originally from Russia and Lucy Maud Bassman nee Willett from Newport. Leon’s father had served in the British Army in WWI in the 9th Russian Labour Corps (1917-19). Leon attended St Illtyd’s school (1934-39) and the family lived at 31 Glynrhondda Street, Cathays. He had served in the RAF for three years and was a Sergeant (Flight Engineer) in 550 Squadron when he died on 4 Oct 1944 aged 22. He was one of seven crew on a training flight on Lancaster NF963 when it lost control, went into a steep dive and crashed in North Yorkshire. The pilot managed to parachute to safety but was badly injured. The other six crew members were killed including Leon Bassman. He is buried at the Jewish Cemetery in Windsor Place, Cardiff (Grave A2/20). Leon Bassman is remembered on a plaque at Cardiff United Synagogue at Cyncoed Gardens and on the St Illtyd’s school memorial plaque at St Alban on the Moor church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
VICTOR STANLEY JAMES BELT
Sergeant, 40th Squadron, Royal Air Force (Service Number 547685)
Victor Stanley James Belt was born in 1919 in Cardiff to James William Belt, a builder’s labourer, and Ellen Louisa Belt née Blackmore, originally from Abergavenny. He attended Adamsdown School and joined the RAF in 1938. In 1939 his parents were living at 119 Cyfarthfa Street, Roath. Victor Belt lost his life in Italy on 7th September 1944. He was flying in a Wellington bomber that took off from Foggia Main Landing ground at 19.19 hours on the night of 6/7th September 1944 to bomb Bologna marshalling yards, Italy. Nothing was heard from the aircraft after take-off and it failed to return to base. Other crews returning from the mission reported seeing yellow lights in the sea in position 42.55N 14.39E, and a ship was observed steaming towards the scene. Victor and the other crew members are buried together in a grave at Bologna War Cemetery, Italy. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Lance Serjeant, 22nd Division, Army Cyclist Corps (Service Number 6585)
John Bibbings was born on 24 Jun 1888 to Samuel Bibbings, a serving machine agent, from Cardiff, and Elizabeth Matilda Bibbings nee Phillips originally from Blaenavon, Monmouthshire. He attended Albany Road school (1893) when they lived in Upper Kincraig Street, Roath before the family moved to 43 Tewkesbury Street, Cathays. After leaving school John worked as a clerk in the Finance Department of Glamorgan County Council. He married Lauretta Alice Yorke on 2 Nov 1911 at St Catherine’s church, Canton. They went on to have a son and two daughters and lived at Stephenson St, Canton. He enlisted in Sept 1914 in the Welsh Regiment before transferring to the Army Cyclist Corps. He disembarked in Greece in Nov 1915. He had a couple of bouts of illness that left him hospitalised before he eventually succumbed to illness (pneumonia/jaundice), on 11 Aug 1916 at the 29th General Hospital, Salonika. He is buried at the Salonika (Lembet Road) Military Cemetery in Greece (plot 305). He had two brothers, one of whom was killed in WWI and the other died in WWII serving with the merchant navy. John’s son Wilfred John Bibbings also died in WWII in Feb 1943 when working as a cook on board SS Radhurst when it was torpedoed 500 miles off the coast of Newfoundland. He is remembered on the Glamorgan County Council employees memorial plaque. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Corporal, 16th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment (Service Number 40297)
Reginald Bibbings was born on 27 Feb 1894 to Samuel Bibbings, a serving machine agent, from Cardiff, and Elizabeth Matilda Bibbings née Phillips originally from Blaenavon, Monmouthshire. Reginald attended school at Albany Road, later Marlborough Road and later still Court Road School. The Bibbings family lived at a number of Roath addresses including Upper Kincraig Street and Cottrell Road then later settled at 43 Tewkesbury Street, Cathays. In 1911 he was working as a clerk in the finance department of the County Council. He joined the Welch Regiment in December 1915 aged 21 years, 10 months at Kemel Park, North Wales. He later transferred to the 16th Battalion the Cheshire Regiment and was sent to France in Sep 1917. He was killed in action on 22 Oct 1917 aged 23 during the during Third Ypres battle on a day in which 330 of the 16th Battalion of the Cheshire Regiment were reported dead, missing or wounded. He is remembered on the Tyne Cot Memorial (Panel 61 to 63). Reginald was the youngest of three Bibbings brothers. His eldest brother John had already died serving in Salonika, Greece, in 1916. His other brother William was to die in WWII when he was Master of S.S. Stanleigh, sunk in Liverpool Bay. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Master, Merchant Navy, S.S. Stanleigh (London)
William ‘Willie’ Bibbings was born on 27 Aug 1891 to Samuel Bibbings, a sewing machine agent, from Cardiff, and Elizabeth Matilda Bibbings nee Phillips originally from Blaenavon, Monmouthshire. He attended a number of schools including Marlborough Road, Albany Road and Gladstone Schools. By 1911 the family had moved to 43 Tewkesbury Street, Cathays and William was working as an apprentice shoemaker. In WWI William served in the merchant navy. He gained his Master Steamship certificate in 1925. He married Mary Ewing in Cockermouth, Cumbria in 1923. They had one son, William Reginald Bibbings, in 1924. In the 1939 they are living in 43 Tewkesbury Street, Cathays. Willie died on 14 Mar 1941 aged 49 when he was Master of S.S.Stanleigh. This was a German built coastal cargo vessel that had been captured in WWI. It was in convoy off Liverpool Bay when she was attacked at night by a German Aircraft twelve nautical miles west of the Bar Lightship . She soon sank with the loss of seventeen crew, rolling so that she destroyed one of her boats full of men. Six men survived on a raft (oil barrels and planks) being picked up after a day afloat. At the time of his death his address was recorded as being ‘Kelvin’, St Ambrose Road, Heath, Cardiff. He is remembered on the Tower Hill Memorial, London (panel 101). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
ARTHUR HENRY BOWDEN
Private, 13th Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers (Service Number 267950)
Arthur Henry Bowden was born in Cardiff in early 1899 to James Rees Bowden, a haulier, from Cardiff and Mary Elizabeth Bowden née Gould also from Cardiff. Arthur was baptised at St Saviour’s church on 9 Feb 1899 when the family were living at 31 Janet Street, Splott. In the 1911 census the family were living at 11 Walker Road. Arthur worked as a grocer’s assistant before he initially signed up underage with the Welch Regiment on 29 Dec 1914 aged just 15 and was sent to France. When his Uncle heard, who was already on active service, he encouraged Arthur’s mother to apply for him to be sent she which she did. Arthur was duly found and sent back to Cardiff. He re-enlisted with the Royal Welsh Fusiliers as soon as he was able and was sent back to the Front. He died on 22 April 1918 on the battlefields of the western front, aged 19. He is buried at the Bouzincourt Ridge cemetery in the Somme region of France (grave ref: I. D. 10.). He is also remembered on the Splott War Memorial at St Saviour’s church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. The story of Arthur in WalesOnline.
FREDERICK GEORGE BOWDEN
Private, 7th Battalion, King’s Shropshire Light Infantry (Service Number 35382)
Frederick George Bowden was born on 27 Jan 1899 in Cardiff to William Henry Bowden, a labourer at an iron foundry, from Roath and Annie Bowden nee Jones originally from Neath. He was baptised at St Saviour’s church on 16 Feb 1899. The family lived at 47 Habershon Street and Frederick attended Moorland Road school and then Howard Gardens school before leaving to become a clerk in the Ocean Coal company. He enlisted in Cardiff and was killed in action on 28 Mar 1918 aged 19 at the Western Front. He is remembered on the Arras Memorial (Bay 7) in France. He is also remembered on the Howardian School War memorial plaque and the Splott Memorial at St Saviour’s church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
HELEN ROSS BRAND
Aircraftwoman 1st Class, 953 Balloon Squadron, Women’s Auxiliary Air Force (Service Number 2116411)
Helen Ross Brand was born in 1922 in Keith, Scotland to John Brand and Jessie Ross Brand née Lobban. Helen was a member of 953 Balloon Squadron, Women’s Auxiliary Air Force based stationed in Cardiff. She died aged 20 along with two fellow squadron members on 18 May 1943 during an air raid when their station on Colchester Avenue, Penylan took a direct hit. On May 20th the remains of three casualties, left for their respective homes, each coffin accompanied by a WAAF Officer and NCO. She is buried in Keith (Broomhill) cemetery (section B, grave 28). She is also remembered on the Keith War Memorial. The newspaper article reporting her death wrote she was due to be married in three weeks to a RAF Cadet. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
WILLIAM EDWIN ARCHIBALD BROOKS
Sergeant, 27th Squadron, Royal Air Force, (Service Number G/70405)
William Edwin Archibald ‘Archie’ Brooks was born on 30th March 1899 to Llewellyn Books, a commercial traveller and Blanch Brooks née Moore, originally from Newport. The in 1901 the family were living at 101 Castle Road (later renamed City Road) and in 1911 they were at 196 City Road. Sometime afterwards the family move to 1 Axminster Road. The following summary of his military history is taken from the welldigger blog by David Pike: Listed as Serjeant, G70405 Royal Air Force, Archie originally joined the Royal Fusiliers after 1915, and was promoted to Sergeant while serving with them. He transferred to the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) on 21st September 1917, and was sent to No 5 Cadet Wing at Hastings for preliminary training. Deemed unsuitable as a pilot, he trained as an observer starting with 2 weeks initial flying training at Worcester before transferring to the School of Military Aeronautics at Reading on 11th February 1918. He seems initially to have been allocated to 106th Squadron (aerial reconnaissance) as it was being formed. This squadron was sent to Ireland in May 1918, but Archie must already have been switched to 27th Squadron which was serving on the Western Front before this happened. 27th Squadron was flying DH4 light bombers and in the spring of 1918 were engaged in low-level bombing and reconnaissance over the German lines. Archie did not survive for very long. He died on 16th June 1918 aged 19, just ten days after the RFC became the RAF, and was buried at Hangard Communal Cemetery, on the Somme. It seems he was originally buried, together with his pilot, Second Lieutenant Charles Henry Gannaway, a 19 year old Scot from Glasgow, in a German cemetery at Saulchoy-sur-Davenescourt, suggesting they died while flying behind the German front line on reconnaissance in DH4 number A7597. He was remembered on the memorial in Plasnewydd Presbyterian Church (now the Gate Arts Centre) and we think the Mackintosh Institute plaque (now lost).
Second Lieutenant, 8th Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment (Service Number 16119).
Christopher Brown was born in Cardiff in 1897 to Richard Brown, a stoker on a steamship, and Margaret Brown née Kirby. He lived at 52 Nora Street. In 1915 Christopher married Mary Elizabeth Hayes shortly before signing up to the South Wales Border Regiment. He later transfers to the Worcestershire Regiment. He was mortally wounded during the advance to retake Maretz (close to the Somme) and subsequently dies of wounds he had received on 24th October 1918 aged 19. He is buried at St. Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen, France, in block S, plot V, row J, grave 1. Commonwealth War Graves Commission (Interestingly, in the next but one grave is buried Rev Theodore Hardy VC, DSO, MC, one of the most decorated non-combatants of the First World War).
ARTHUR JAMES CLACKETT
Private, 1st Battalion Honourable Artillery Company
‘Archie’ Clackett was born in 1895 to Cephas Clackett, a commercial traveller for a paint and varnish company, and Leonora Clackett (née Leist). In 1911 the family lived in Boverton Street, Roath. Arthur joined the Honourable Artillery Company and died on 8th Feb 1917 aged 21 in Northern France. He is buried at Queens cemetery, Bucquoy, Pas de Calais, France. At the time of his death the Clackett family were living at Oakdene, Penylan Hill. Looking at a Trade Directory of the time Oakdene was down from Green Lawn, approximately where 21 Cyncoed Road is today. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Private, 2nd/4th Battalion, Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry (Service Number 6710)
John Clements was born in Cardiff on 30 Jan 1896. His father, Walter Clements, was a Corporation labourer and originally from Ledbury, Herefordshire and his mother Elizabeth Clements nee Brown was originally from Overbury, Worcestershire. In the 1901 Census the Clements family are living in the ‘cottage behind the laundry’ near Sandringham Road, opposite Marlborough Road School, the school which John first attended. He later went to Tredegaville School when the family moved to 34 Russell Street. After leaving school he was a general labourer before joining the 7th (Cyclist) battalion of the Welsh Regiment. He was then drafted into the 2/4th Oxford and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry – and he was one of thirteen men from the city who lost their lives whilst serving with that battalion. On the 21st December 1916 John was with his battalion in reserve when he was killed in action, aged 20, probably by German shellfire. The battalion war diary simply states ‘The Berks and Gloucesters again took first innings in the trenches, whilst the Bucks and ourselves stayed in support. Battalion Headquarters with A and B Companies were in Wellington Huts near Ovillers; C and D went two miles further forward to some scattered dugouts between Thiepval and Mouquet Farm.’ His death did not warrant a further mention at the time. He was buried in Ovillers Military Cemetery, Somme, France (grave I. D. 17). His father Walter and brother Charles also served in the Welch Regiment in WWI. He brother Walter served 20 years in the Royal Navy. There is a memorial plaque on the Clements house in Russell Street. The plaque was originally unveiled in 1995 and on the New Park Liberal Club in City Road before it was redeveloped into flats. The plaque pays tribute to patriots of Russell Street who fought in both World Wars and makes reference to the street’s unofficial name – Patriot’s Avenue. The plaque was unveiled by Terry Clements, a relative of John Clements. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
JOHN BRYANT COLLINS
Private, C Company, 15th Battalion, Welsh Regiment, (Service Number: 35213)
John Bryant Collins was born in Cardiff in 1895 to Samuel Henry Collins, a bus and van driver originally from High Ham, Somerset and Helen Collins née Young originally from Sutton Mallet, Somerset. He attended Albany Road school. Before the war Bryant worked as a milkman. His father died in 1905 and his mother remarried to Simeon J Wheadon. In 1911 the family were living at 143 Arabella Street, Roath. He enlisted in Oct 1915 and went to the front in Mar 1916. He was killed in action on 11 Jul 1916, aged 21, at the Somme, France. He is buried at Serre Road Cemetery No.2 in Somme (grave XXVI. H. 14). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. His brother Robert E Collins was also killed in WWI.
ROBERT EDWARD COLLINS
Private, 49th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery (Service Number 737)
Robert ‘Rob’ Edward Collins was born in Cardiff on 22 Jun 1898 to Samuel Henry Collins, a bus and van driver originally from High Ham, Somerset and Helen Collins née Young originally from Sutton Mallet, Somerset. He attended Albany Road school. His father died in 1905 and his mother remarried to Simeon J Wheadon. In 1911 the family were living at 143 Arabella Street, Roath. He enlisted in Jul 1915 in the Royal Garrison Artillery and went to the front in Mar 1916. He died at the Somme, France on 14 Sep 1916 aged 18. He died at the base hospital from shell shock and injuries to the spine when a dug out fell in on him. He is buried at the Abbeville Communal Cemetery, Somme, France (grave: III. A. 3.). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. His brother John Bryant Collins was also killed in WWI.
Edith Cook died at 12 Agincourt Road, Roath, in a bombing raid on 3 Mar 1941. Her daughter Margaret was also killed, as were five other civilians in the same road. On the other side of the road was Marlborough Road school which was severely damaged that night and later demolished. Edith Cook née Francis was born on 20 Jan 1888 in Cardiff to Daniel Francis, a carpenter, originally from Llanthew, Pembrokeshire and Martha Francis née Morgan originally from Llawhaden, Pembrokeshire. In May 1918 Edith, then aged 27 and living in Shirley Road with her parents, married Leslie George Cook from Ontario at St Andrew’s parish church, Cardiff. Sergeant Leslie Cook was a quartermaster in the 1st Canadian Contingent of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. It is not clear how they met but maybe Sergeant Cook was being treated in one of the war hospitals in Cardiff. It appears they then went to live in Ontario where their daughter Margaret Gwendoline Cook was born in 1919 and where they were living in 1921 in Paris, Ontario with Leslie working as a bricklayer. Their second daughter Joyce Mary Cook is born back in Cardiff in 1922. In 1939 Edith, now widowed, is living at 12 Agincourt Road, with their daughter Margaret, a typist for a sales organisation, an ARP and nursing auxiliary. They were both killed that night in the air raid and are both buried at Cathays cemetery (grave EH 2124). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
MARGARET GWENDOLINE COOK
Margaret Gwendoline Cook was born in Ontario, Canada in 1919 to Leslie George Cook, a former Canadian solider and later bricklayer and Edith Cook née Francis from Cardiff. Her sister Joyce Mary Cook was born back in Cardiff in 1922. In 1939 Margaret is living at 12 Agincourt Road, with her widowed mother Edith and working as a typist for a sales organisation, an ARP and nursing auxiliary. Both Margaret (21) and her mother Edith (48) were killed on 3 Mar 1941 in their house during an air raid. They are both buried at Cathays cemetery (grave EH 2124). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
JOHN JAMES COURT
Private, 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards (Service Number 9152)
John James Court was born in Roath in 1893 to William Henry Court, a traveller’s porter, originally from Beadle, Yorkshire and Mary Maude Court nee Barrow originally from Axbridge, Somerset. Sometime around 1881 the Court family move from Bradford to Cardiff living at 7 Lily Street, Roath. (From a geneaology point of view the family is a bit tricky to follow as they use the surname Robinson for a while). John was the youngest of seven brothers, many of whom worked as stonemasons, but John followed a different career path and went to London and became a pasty cook. In 1911 he was living in Battersea. He enlisted with the Scots Guards in Aug 1914 in London but then almost immediately was admitted to hospital for an operation on swollen veins. He departed for France in Feb 1915 but was killed on 18 May 1915 in the battle of Festubert, aged 22. During the fighting the 2nd Scots Guards suffered heavy casualties. His body was not recovered. He is remembered on Le Touret Memorial in France. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
HAROLD LESLIE CRATES
Private, 1st/6th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment (Service Number 66011)
Harold Leslie Crates was born in Cardiff in early 1899 to William Henry Crates, a grocer, originally from Beaufort, Breconshire and Mary Jane Crates nee Morgan originally from Cardiff. The Crates family lived at 14 Marlborough Road, Roath. Before war broke out Harold worked in his father’s grocery shop in Clifton Street. He joined the training battalion at Kinmel Park, North Wales in Feb 1917 by which time his brother has already served in France and Salonika with the 11th Welsh Regiment. He was transferred to the South Wales Borderers and served in Ireland for some months before proceeding to France with the Cheshire Regiment in Jan 1918. He was killed on 3 Mar 1918 aged 19 at Gouzeau, the only casualty his battalion suffered that day. He is buried at the Fins New British Cemetery at Sorel Le Grand, France (grave IV. C. 16). He is remembered on the war memorial plaque which was at Roath Park Wesleyan Methodist Church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
CORNELIUS PATRICK FINBARR CRONIN
Pilot Officer, 157 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (Service Number 60358)
Cornelius Patrick Finbarr Cronin was born on 9 Jun 1912 in Killarney, Co Kerry, Ireland to Daniel Cronin, a police sergeant in the Royal Irish Constabulary, and Teresa Cronin nee O’Shea. He attended St Illtyd’s College between 1924 and 1928. His sister Eleanor was head girl at Heathfield House high school. Cornelius went on to get a B.A. at London University and then became assistant master at St Illtyd’s College and part-time lecturer at Cardiff Technical College. He played rugby for Old Illtydians and Cardiff Rugby Clubs. The Cronin family lived at 32 Lake Road North. His father died in Jul 1940 and the funeral held at St Peter’s church. Cornelius joined the RAF in 1940 and became a pilot officer, 157 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. He lost his life aged 30 on 20 Jan 1943 when navigating a Mosquito II aircraft which crashed into the North Sea 30 miles east of Clacton-on-Sea, after it is believed an attack by enemy aircraft. The plane had taken off from RAF Hunsdon, Essex. Australian Keith Walter Paul was piloting the plane and also died. Cornelius Cronin is remembered on the Runnymede Memorial in Surry. He is also remembered on the St Illtyd’s College memorial in St Alban on the Moors church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Private, 2nd Battalion, Royal Munster Fusiliers (Service Number 922)
Denis Cummins was born in Cardiff in 1895 to John Cummins, a docks labourer and Catherine Cummins née Barry. In the 1911 census Denis Cummins aged 16 is an errand boy. The Cummins family lived at 23, Oxford St, Roath. Denis enlists in Cardiff and serves as a Private in the 2nd Battalion, Royal Munster Fusiliers. He was killed in action 18 October 1918 aged 23. Denis is buried Highland Cemetery, Le Cateau, France. (plot s19.11.18). He is remembered on the St. Peter’s RC Church, CYMS Roll of Honour. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Private,7th Battalion, Welsh Regiment (Service Number 1408)
Arthur Davies was born on 26 Sep 1895 in Cardiff to Philip Henry Davies, a clerk originally from Maesycwmmer, Monmouthshire, and Charlotte Sophia Davies nee Elias, originally from Abercarn, Monmouthshire. In 1901 the Davies family lived in Diana Street. Arthur attended Albany Road school and in 1905 represents the school at the city school sports day. In 1907 he goes on to attend Howard Gardens secondary school. His father died in Jun 1910 leaving Arthur, the oldest of four children who leaves school in Jan 1911 and works as an office boy at Bute Dry Dock. By 1914 the family had moved to 33 Roath Court Road. He enlisted in the 7th Cyclists Battalion Welsh Regiment. It is unclear what service he saw as his records have not survived. He died at home on 13 May 1915 of sarcoma (cancer) of the face. He is buried in a family grave at Cathays Cemetery (plot B 663). He is remembered on the Howardian war memorial plaque now housed at Howardian Primary school. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Private, 1st Battalion, Welsh Guards (Service Number 2955)
David Davies was born in 1898 in Cardiff to Joshua Davies, a ship’s carpenter, from Cardiff and Louisa Davies nee Gould originally from Chilcompton, Somerset. The Davies family lived at 4 Wimborne Street, East Moors. Before the war David was an employee of the Gloucester Wagon Works Company and was goalkeeper for the Moorland Road Boy’s Football team. David Davies was a Private in the 1st battalion Welsh Guards. He died of wounds received in action on 28 Mar 1918 aged 20 and within 24 hours of his brother Joshua who was in the merchant navy. Their mother learnt about the tragic loss of her two sons on the same day. He is buried in the Cabaret-Rouge British Cemetery in the village of Souchez, France (grave VIII. Q. 13.). He is remembered on the Splott War Memorial at St Saviour’s church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
JOSHUA SIMEON DAVIES
Steward, Mercantile Marine, S.S. “T. R. Thompson”
Joshua Simeon Davies was born on 31 Aug 1888 in Cardiff to Joshua Davies, a ship’s carpenter, from Cardiff and Louisa Davies nee Gould originally from Chilcompton, Somerset. He was baptised at St German’s church in Adamsdown on 2 Oct 1890 and at one time attended Grangetown Elementary and Junior School. He married Elizabeth Ann Bryant in 1906 in Cardiff. They had three children together; Alice (b.1906), Joshua (b.1908) and Beatrice (b.1910) and lived in Barry. In WWI he served as a steward on board the S.S. ‘T.R. Thompson’. He drowned on 29 Mar 1918 aged 31 when the T.R.Thompson was torpedoed off the coast of Sussex by U-Boat 57. The SS T.R.Thompson was on voyage from Benisaf, Algeria to Middlesbrough with 5600 tons of iron ore. It was sunk seven miles south of Newhaven with the loss of 33 lives. Three people survived. His brother David died the previous day whilst serving on the Western Front. Their mother received the news that her two sons had died on the same day. Joshua is remembered on the Tower Hill Memorial for merchant seamen and Barry Merchant Navy Memorial created in 1996. Commonwealth War Graves Memorial record.
Private, 1st Battalion, South Wales Borderers (Service Number 10869)
Thomas Dunn was born in Roath, Cardiff to Thomas Dunn, a dock labourer from Cardiff and Ellen Dunn née Crimmins, also from Cardiff. Before the war he worked as a mason’s labourer. He was killed in action in Vendresse, France on 26 Sep 1914. He is remembered on the La Ferte-Sous-Jouarre Memorial. His picture appears in the South Wales Daily News on 26 Oct 1914 captioned Cardiff Drummer Killed. His father is stated as being T Dunn, 9th Battalion, Welsh Regiment, whose home is at 33 Byron Street, Roath. It has not been possible to ascertain when Thomas Dunn was born. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
HARRY FRANK DYER
Second Lieutenant 1/6th Battalion Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment), 147th Brigade, 49th (West Riding) Division.
Harry Frank Dyer was born in Bridgnorth, Shropshire in 1886. He became assistant master at Cardiff High School till 1914 and lived at 83 Claude Road. He is remembered on the Cardiff High School Memorial plaque. Had moved away from Cardiff by the time WWI commenced and was at Giggleswick School, Yorks. He died 28th August 1917 aged 31 in northern France. A much more detailed biography of Harry Dyer, written by Gwyn Prescott, is given on the Cardiff High School war memorial page. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
HERBERT EDWARD DICKS
2nd Steward, Merchant Navy on S.S. “Bayreaulx”
Herbert Edward Dicks was born in 1900 probably in 77 Alfred Street, Roath as that is where the family lived in 1901. His parents were Isaac John Dicks, a detective police sergeant, and Martha Jane Dicks née Young. Herbert Dicks joined the merchant navy and was 2nd steward aboard the S.S. Bayreaulx, which was a steam ship of 3009 tons operated by the Bay Steam Ship Company of Cardiff. He died, presumed drowned, on 20th October 1916 off the south coast of Ireland. The S.S. Bayreaulx had been travelling from Cardiff to Montreal carrying ballast, when she was intercepted and torpedoed by U63 under the command of Captain Otto Schulze. All 23 crew members were lost. He his remembered on the Tower Hill Memorial in London for Merchant Seamen. He was also remembered on the Mackintosh Institute roll of honour, now lost. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission record states his family address at the time as being 13, Diana Street, Roath.
CHRISTOPHER SKETT EASTMENT
Private, C Company, 3rd Battalion. Welsh Regiment (Service Number 43706)
Christopher Skett Eastment was born in 1897 to Nathaniel Eastment, a Railway Ganger, originally from Hardington Mandeville, Somerset and Annie Margaret Eastment nee Skett from Cardiff. He was christened at St John’s Church in central Cardiff on 9 Apr. The family at the time were living at 12 Mills Terrace. The Eastment family later lived at 16 Ruby Street, Roath and Christopher was employed by the Co-operative Wholesale Society. He enlisted in Apr 1916 in the Welsh Regiment and fought in Salonika. He was invalided home after 21 months service and died in the Military Hospital in Redcar, Yorkshire on 4 Oct 1918 aged 21 of double pneumonia. He is buried at Cathays Cemetery (grave B. 1735). His younger brother Albert fought in the Royal Fusiliers and was severely injured but survived the war. Christopher was remembered on a war memorial plaque that was at one time believed to been stored Highfields church but since lost. The plaque may well originally have come from Diamond Street Methodist church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Private, 2nd Garrison Battalion, Essex Regiment (Service Number 33203)
Joseph Edwards was born in Hereford on 28 Nov 1880 to Joseph Edwards, a chimney sweep, from St Austell, Cornwell and Elizabeth Edwards née Davies, from Hereford. By 1891 the Edwards family have moved to Cardiff and and Joseph attends St German’s school on Metal Street. In 1901 are living at 32 Ordell Street, Splott with Joseph working as a dock labourer. In 1903 he marries Bridget Aherne and they have five children together. Joseph enlisted in the army and served in a number of regiments including the Welch Regiment and the Somerset Light Infantry and finally the Essex Regiment. He survived most of the war but died of pleurisy in Mesopotamia on the day the war ended, 11th Nov 1918, aged 37. He is buried at the Basra War Cemetery and remembered on the memorial there, panel I.S.18. He is also remembered on the Splott War Memorial outside St Saviour’s church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Eleanor ‘Lena’ Evans, together with her son, were killed at 7 Cathays Terrace on 3rd March 1941 in a German bombing raid. She was born Helena Keniry on 6 Aug 1900 to Patrick Keniry and Ellen ‘Nellie’ Keniry née McCarthy. Her brother John Keniry died on active service in WWI when HMS Monmouth was sunk. She married Iorwerth Evans 1921 in Pontypridd. They had three children together, Ernest, Joyce and Glyndwr. Her husband Iorwerth died in 1935 in Pontypridd aged 33. In 1939 she was living at 70 Wyverne Road, Cathays. Eleanor and her son Glyndwr are killed in an air raid on 3rd March 1941 at 7 Cathays Terrace. They are buried in Cathays Cemetery, Plot R4366. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Gyyndwr Evans was born in Pontypridd in 1934 to Iorwerth Evans and Eleanor ‘Lena’ Evans née Keniry. His father died when he was only one year old. Glyndwr attended St Monica’s School, Cathays. He was killed along with his mother Lena (Eleanor), when the house they were in 7, Cathays Terrace, was hit by a bomb on 3rd March 1941. He and his mother are buried in Cathays Cemetery, Plot R4366. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
JOHN FRANCIS EVANS
Private, Infantry in Welsh Regiment
John Francis Evans was born on 20th Aug 1818 to John Evans, a general labourer at the steel works and Mary Evans née Kirby. They lived at 20 Aberystwyth Street, Splott. According to the 1939 Register, John Francis Evans, like his father, worked as a labourer in the steel works. He died on 27th May 1941 and is remembered on the Athens Memorial. Commonwealth War Graves
ERNEST CHARLES EYRE
Sergeant, 2nd Battalion, Welsh Regiment (Service Number 5933)
Ernest Charles Eyre was born on 5 Oct 1882 in Cardiff to George Eyre, an engineer, originally from London and Louisa Eyre nee Murphy originally from Topsham, Devon. Ernest lived in Zinc Street when he is young and attends Metal Street Board School. In 1897-9 he is worked for Great Western Railways in the Goods Station as a porter/labeller. He married Helen Maria Pearson in Devonport in 1902 when his profession is quoted as being Corporal in the Welsh Regiment and living at Raglan Barracks. He served in the army for 17 years including in South Africa. Ernest and Louisa had two daughters, Maria and Florence and they lived at 77 Richard’s Terrace, Roath. He was killed in action at Ypres on 13 Nov 1914 in Belgium aged 35. He is remembered on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 37). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Flight Sergeant (Wireless Op./Air Gunner), 57th Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve
Sid Felman was born on 9th July 1917 to David Felman, a bullion buyer, and Jany Felman née Malamid. In 1939 the family were living at 7 Wordsworth Avenue, Roath with Sidney working as a canvasser. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission record for Sidney record the family address as being Penylan so they may well have moved in the early years of the war. He was on board the a Wellington bomber R1437 which was shot down and crashed, at Rholderfehn, Germany, on 10th Apr 1941. He was aged 22. He is buried at the Rheinberg War Cemetery, Nordrhein-Westfalen, in Germany (Grave17.C.I) and date of death recorded as the date he and the crew went missing.
Leading Aircraftman, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (Service Number 1289807)
George Fender was born on 23 Sep 1911 in Cardiff to Alfred George Fender, a gas man at a steel smelter works, and Elizabeth Fender nee Huntley, both originally from Cardiff. The Fender family lived at 11 Helen Street and George attended Stacey Road School. In 1937 he married Violet Maud Prince. Prior to the war he worked as a hotel chef and Violet worked as a waitress. They lived at 24 Mercia Road, Tremorfa and in 1941 had a daughter Barbara Jean before later moving to Weston-Super-Mare. George joined the RAF in 1940, was based at 3rd General Service Training School and had served abroad for two years where he was a Leading Aircraftman. He died in a hospital in Rome on 4 Mar 1945, aged 33. The circumstances leading up to his death are not known. He is buried at the Rome War Cemetery (grave II, D, 6). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
WILLIAM FRANK FENNERTY
Stoker 1st Class, Royal Navy aboard H.M.S. Defence (Service Number SS/116201)
William Frank Fennerty as born on 10th Oct 1896 to William Henry Fennerty, a house painter, and Emily Fennerty née Godbeer, both originally from Devon. William Frank Fennerty joins the navy and serves aboard H.M.S. Defence as a stoker. The ship is lost in the battle of Jutland, off Denmark, on 31st May 1916 and 900 lives on board are lost. He is remembered on the Splott war memorial outside St Saviour’s church and the Naval War Memorial in Plymouth. His parents were living at 70, Ordell Street, Splott at the time. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record
JOHN EDWARD FOX
Private, 4th Battalion, South Wales Borderers (Service Number 12768)
John Edward Fox was born in Bradford on 5 Aug 1897 to Arthur Fox, a police constable, originally from Pontefract, and Ada Sarah Fox nee Devine, originally from Llansamlet, Swansea. In 1901 the Fox family are living in Swansea. In 1906 John and his two brothers were in school in Tenby. By 1911 Ada and her three sons were living in Dowlais Cottages, 27 Layard Street, Splott and Arthur was back to Yorkshire and working on the police force in Bradford. Before joining up John worked in the Cardiff Theatre Cinema. He enlisted in August 1914. He served with the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force at Dardanelles from 4 July to 12 Aug 1915 when he was killed in action aged 18. He is buried at the 7th Field Ambulance Cemetery in Gallipoli, Turkey (grave ref: IV. A. 3.). He is also remembered on the Splott War Memorial at St Saviour’s church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. His brother Maurice Arthur Fox was also killed in WWI.
MAURICE ARTHUR FOX
Private, 1st Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers (Service Number 4634)
Maurice Arthur Fox was born in Bradford on 6 Jan 1894 to Arthur Fox, a police constable, originally from Pontefract, and Ada Sarah Fox nee Devine, originally from Llansamlet, Swansea. In 1901 the Fox family are living in Swansea. In 1906 Maurice and his two brothers were in school in Tenby. By 1911 Ada and her three sons were living in Dowlais Cottages, 27 Layard Street, Splott and Arthur was back to Yorkshire and working on the police force in Bradford. Before joining up Maurice worked as a dock labourer. He signed up on 23 Mar 1912. He was mobilised on 5 Aug 1914, went to France on 4 Oct 1914 and was killed in action on 20 Oct 1914 at Ypres, Belgium aged 20. He is remembered on the Ypres (Menin Gate) memorial (panel 22). He is also remembered on the Splott War Memorial at St saviour’s church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. His brother John Edward Fox was also killed in WWI.
ALBERT WALLACE FRAYLING
Private, 45th Training Squadron, Royal Air Force (Service Number 55551)
Albert Wallace Frayling was born on 5 Apr 1885 in Bristol to John Frayling, a cabinet maker, originally from Bath and Mary Ann Frayling née Chidley, a tailoress, also originally from Bath. Albert married Louisa Anne Kneath from Cardiff in 1906 and they have four children between 1907 and 1917. He worked as a furniture dealer and the Frayling family lived at 43 Crwys Road, Cathays. He enlisted in the army in Jan 1917 in later transfers to the 45th Training Squadron, Royal Air Force as a motorcyclist. His records appear to show he was wounded in Lincoln. He died on 1 Nov 1918 aged 33 in a military hospital in Lincoln. He is buried at Cathays Cemetery (plot Y. NC. 1300). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
ENOS CHARLES FREE
Private, 6th Battalion, Cameron Highlanders (Service Number 18405).
Enos Charles Free was born in Cardiff in 1896 to Edward Free, a labourer, originally from Wiltshire, and Annie Free nee Streeting, originally from London. Enos was named after his paternal grandfather from Wiltshire who was a stone mason and publican. The Free family lived initially in Killcatton Street before moving to 16 Adamsdown Place. In 1911, Enos, aged 14, is working as a warehouse boy. In 1913 he is recorded as being a member of the National Union of Railwaymen, working for the Rhymney Railway as a number taker (these were employed to record the numbers of privately-owned or foreign wagons using a railway company’s goods yard). He served with the 6th Battalion, Cameron Highlanders and died on 14 Aug 1916 aged 19 at Somme, France, of wounds he had received. He is buried at La Neuville British Cemetery, Corbie, France (grave I. F. 48). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
FRANCIS WILBERFORCE GACCON
Divisional Commander, A.F.S. (Auxiliary Fire Service), Cardiff City Fire Brigade,
Francis ‘Frank’ Wilberforce Gaccon was born on 6th April 1888. His father was Watkin Gaccon, originally from Aberdare and a marine engine engineer. His mother was Alice Charlotte Morgan originally from Overton, Gloucestershire. Frank grows up in 96 Habershon Street, Splott where he went to Splottlands School and Cardiff University College (1904-11). He followed his father into engineering. During WWI he worked for Bute Docks Engineers and Shipping Company under the Admiralty fitting engines to lifeboats of hospital ships. After WWI he started up his own successful company, Frank Gaccon & Co Consulting Engineer. Frank had a successful sporting career. He played 105 times for Cardiff Rugby Club. He married three times and had one daughter. When WWII was declared Frank joined Cardiff Auxiliary Fire Service and became Commander of the Cardiff A.F.S. He was killed in Newport Road when a German bomb dropped on his car whilst on duty on 3rd March, 1941. He was 53 years of age at the time and living at 153 Cyncoed Road. He is buried at Cathays Cemetery, Plot: M 948a. He is remembered on a plaque in Cardiff Fire Station to those who died on duty.
WILLIAM NORMAN GEDDIE
Flight Sergeant, RAF Volunteer Reserve (Wireless Op./Air Gunner)
William Geddie was born in May 1914 in Cardiff to William Geddie, a merchant seaman and Letitia Maud Geddie (née Walrond). The family lived at 146 Kimberley Road, Penylan, Cardiff. William was a Flight Sergeant (Wireless Op./Air Gunner) 76th Squadron in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. He died on 17th Sept 1942 aged 28. The memorial states that he died at Essen. He is buried at Longuenesse (St. Omer) Souvenir Cemetery south of Calais in France (Plot 8. Row A. Coll. grave 10-13). He is remembered on the Albany Road Baptist Church war memorial plaque. Commonwealth War Graves Commission page. In a second tragedy to strike the family, another son Robert Geddie, aged 34, died in a cycling accident in 1950.
GEORGE HENRY GRIFFIN
Private, 1st Battalion, Devonshire Regiment (Service Number 11932).
George Henry Griffin was born in Cardiff in 1891 to Samuel Griffin, a builder’s haulier, originally from Llanedarn and Sarah Jane Griffin nee Spencer from Cardiff. He was christened at St Margaret’s church, Roath on 7 Aug 1891. The Griffin family lived at 33 Elm Street, Roath. He joined the Devonshire regiment early in the war, went to France in Feb 1915 and was killed in action on 22 April 1915 at Zillebeke, Belgium, aged 24. He has no known grave. He is remembered on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial in Beligium. He is also remembered on the WWI memorial plaque in St Edward’s church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
IVOR VICTOR ERNEST HATHAWAY
Gunner, 4th Battery. 2nd Welsh Brigade., Royal Field Artillery (Service Number 948)
Ivor Hathaway was baptised at St John’s church Cardiff on 22nd Aug 1895. He was son of Albert Amos Hathaway, a dock laborer, and Emily Hathway née Billingham, both originally from Westbury, Gloucestershire. In 1901 the family were living in 89 Sanquhar Street, Splott. In the 1911 census the family had moved to 20 Diamond Street, Adamsdown, Cardiff. Before the war Ivor was a porter at Peacock & Sons in Clifton Street. In WWI he was a Gunner in Royal Field Artillery and died aged 19. He died in the 1st Eastern General Hospital, Cambridge of appendicitis on 2nd Feb 1915. He is buried in Cathays cemetery, Cardiff (plot EF. NC. 9332.). He was remembered on a memorial in Cardiff (location currently unknown). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
THOMAS STEWART HAWKINS
Lance-Corporal, 1st Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers (Service Number 10087)
Thomas Stewart Hawkins was born in Grangetown, Cardiff in 1890 to George Stewart Hawkins, a mariner / rent collector from Cardiff and Mary Jane Hawkins nee Adams from Barry. In his younger days Thomas Hawkins had played football for Court Road School when they won the Cardiff Schools football shield. Before joining the army he was a collier. The Hawkins family lived at 59, Wimborne Street, Splott. Thomas Hawkins joined the army in 1908. When WWI broke out he had been in India for three years with the army. He returned to Europe, initially to Malta then Southampton, proceeding to the front almost directly. He had been there two months when he was killed in action on 21 Oct 1914, aged 24. He is commemorated on the Ypres (Menin Gate) memorial in Belgium. He is also remembered on the Splott War Memorialat St Saviour’s church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
JAMES JOHN HEGARTY
Private, 8th Battalion, Somerset Light Infantry (Service Number 16086)
James John Hegarty was born in 1880 to William Daniel Hegarty, a railway wagon repairer from Cadoxton and Mary Ann Hegarty née Norman from Cardiff. in 1901 the Hegarty family lived at 21 Ruby Street. James Hegarty was a dock labourer and in 1904 married Amelia Rose Thomas and they had five children together. James was one of six Hegarty brothers to serve in WWI and the only one to lose his life. His father William remarkably also enlisted in 1914 at the age of 58 although the age on his military records is given as 45. James served in the Somerset Light Infantry but lost his life on the first day of the battle of the Somme on 1st July 1916, aged 36. He is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial (Pier and Face 2 A) in France. He is also remembered on the war memorial outside St Saviour’s church in Splott, Cardiff. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Flying Officer, 355 Squadron. Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (Service Number 163701)
Brian Hill was born on 8th Oct 1917 to Sydney James Hill, a ship’s joiner, originally from Swansea and Eva Bessie Hill née Howell originally from Wokingham, Surrey. Brian attended Cardiff High School for Boys. In 1939 the Hill family were living at 35 Inglefield Avenue, Heath and Brian working as a clerk in a transport company. He was a member of the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. On 11 Feb 1943 he was a Sergeant and aboard a Halifax bomber when it crashed in Yorkshire. He was the only crew member to survive. He was admitted to the Sick Quarters at Driffield airfield and reportedly sustained severe concussion. He later recovered and returned to active service and received his commission on 28 January 1944 to the rank of P/O on probation (emergency) (163701). He was later promoted to F/O (war subs) on 28th July 1944. On 2 May 1945 he was flying with 355 Squadron from Salbani, India when he died flying in Liberator KH210 which crashed in the Bay of Bengal. An engine caught fire and the plane crashed 130 miles south of Calcutta. He was twenty eight years old and is commemorated on the Singapore Memorial (Column 447). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
FREDERICK JOHN HOLBROOK
Private, 2nd Battalion, Welsh Regiment (Service Number 30649)
Fred Holbrook was born in Splott on 5 May 1898 and baptised at St Saviour’s church on June 13th. His mother was Ellen Holbrook née Streat, originally from Ottery St Mary, Devon and his father, Henry Thomas Holbrook, originally from Chard, Somerset and a bricklayer who died as the result of an industrial accident at the East Moors Ironworks in 1907. In 1911 widowed Ellen and her children lived at 67 Llanelly Street, Splott. Fred attended Moorland Road school and then worked as a bricklayer at the Dowlais works prior to joining up in February 1915. He was posted to France on 12 May 1915 and therefore probably underage when he joined up. He was wounded on 16 July 1916 and the date suggests that his wounds were received in operations connected with the Battle of Bazentin Ridge. Fred Holbrook died on 27 July 1916 aged 18. He is buried in the Heilly Station Cemetery. Three Casualty Clearing Stations (hospitals) were based around what is now the cemetery when the Battle of the Somme started, and it was linked by railway almost to the front lines. More of Fred’s story is told in this well-researched piece. Fred Holbrook is remembered on the Splott War Memorial in front of St Saviour’s church and the Guest, Keen & Nettlefolds memorial. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Gunner, 57th Company, Royal Garrison Artillery (Service Number 278133)
Thomas Howells was born in Merthyr around October 1880. Before joining up he had already served six years in the Carmarthen Militia. At the time he joined up he was working as a collier. He joined up on 9 Oct 1914 in Cardiff and served in Egypt until 9 Aug 1917 when he was discharged with ill health (enteritis). Thomas Howells passed away on 6 Feb 1920 aged 39. He died at 132 Newport Road, Cardiff which is probably one of the houses that was being used as a military hospital. He is buried at Cathays Cemetery, plot EB.81. The above information is taken from his military records which also records that his next of kin was his brother, John Howells, who was lodging in Treharris at the time. He is remembered on the Red Cross memorial plaque at St Edward’s church, Pen-y-lan. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. (Possible: We know when he was discharged Thomas was 36 yrs 10 months so can pinpoint his birth to ~Oct 1880. There is not a Thomas Howells birth registered in Merthyr in Q4 1880 but there was one in Q1 1881, mother’s maiden name Davies. This ties in with an 1881 census of David Howells, an iron puddler at Cefn Coed, Merthyr and his wife Mary with Thomas 4mths. In 1901 Thomas is a ‘Private soldier in Reg’, and there is a brother John, coal hewer)
VINCENT LONGMEAD HYATT
Flying Officer (Air Bomber), 102 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (Service Number 132394)
Vincent Longmead Hyatt was born in Cardiff on 19 Mar 1916 to Harry Hyatt, a post office official originally from Shepton Mallett in Somerset and Florence Clara Hyatt nee Smith, originally from Clifton, Bristol. Henry and Florence Hyatt moved to Cardiff in 1913 and initially lived in 124 Mackintosh Place where Vincent may well have been born. The 1922 Cardiff Directory showed they had relocated to 2 Australia Road, Cathays. In his work at the post office, Harry Hyatt supervised the Cardiff to Crew sorting carriage attached to the nightly mail train. Florence Hyatt died in 1928 when Vincent was just 12. He attended Allensbank School and on leaving school became a member of the Cardiff City Police Fire Service. The 1939 Register records him based at 223 Bute Street with other firemen. He enlisted in the RAF in 1941 but was killed aged 26 on 3 Oct 1943 when a Halifax bomber he was in took off from Pocklington airfield to undertake a night cross country training flight but crashed near the village of Hayton, Yorkshire. He is buried at Bratton Churchyard, Wiltshire, the village his father moved to after his retirement. Vincent is remembered on two memorials in Cardiff including one at the main Fire Station on Adam Street. He is also remembered in the village war memorial in Bratton, Wiltshire. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
GWYN TOWYN JAMES
Sergeant , 239 Battery, 77th Heavy Anti Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery.
Gwyn James was born in 5th May 1906 in Abertridwr to James Griffith James of Troedyrhiw and Harriet James (née Roberts) of Porth. In 1911 the family lived at 129 Glenroy Street with the father, James, working as a grocer’s manager. Gwyn married Mary Isobel McMaster, a cashier, in 1939 in Cardiff. Gwyn’s father, James, died in 1941 when living at 70 Glenroy Street. Gwyn served in the Royal Artillery (service number 1452857) and died as a prisoner of war in Thailand on 14th December 1943. He is buried in Kanchanaburi War Cemetery in Thailand. He is remembered on the Albany Road Baptist Church war memorial plaque.
DAVID AERON JONES
Lance Corporal 1st Reserve Brigade, South Africa Forces (Service Number 119075)
David Aeron Jones was born in 1898 in Llandyfodwg, north of Bridgend to Thomas William Jones, a draper, originally from Pencarreg, Carmarthenshire and Serviah Jones née Williams, also a draper, from Llangyfelach. David served as a Private (Service Number 91492) with the Royal Tank Corps in WWI. In 1921 he is on board the S.S. Commonwealth bound for Australia giving his address as ‘The Bonanza’, Church Street, Ebbw Vale and occupation as draper. His father Thomas dies a year later. in the 1939 Register his mother Serviah is living at 42 Shirley Road, Roath Park. David once again joins up and serves as a Lance Corporal in the 1st Reserve Brigade, South Africa Forces. He is killed in action on 6th Jan 1942 aged 44. He is buried at the Cape Town (Maitland) Cemetery. He is remembered on the war memorial plaque in Roath Park Congregationalchurch. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
MILLARD FILLMORE JONES
Private, 3rd Battalion, Welsh Regiment (Service Number 19014)
Millard Fillmore ‘Phil’ Jones was born on 20th June 1892 in Cardiff to William Jones, a ship’s donkeyman (engineer) and Maria Jones, née James, originally from Merthyr. In his early years he lived at 34 Pontypridd Street. He was baptised at St Saviour’s on April 25th 1898 on the same day as his brother William and sister Gladys. By 1911 the family are living at 74 Adeline Street, Splott and Phil is working as a coal haulier. Later that year he is working as a porter on the railways. He served in the 3rd Welsh Regiment. He died on 17th December 1916 aged 24. He is recorded in the Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. He is buried at Cathays Cemetery (grave I 471). The grave records that he died at Kinmel Park which was a large military camp near Abergele, north Wales. Records show that he died of a brain hemorrhage. He may have been transferred there after being injured elsewhere. The grave also records he was part of the B.E.F. The British Expeditionary Force fought on the Western Front in France in WWI. The family have pieced together the history
WILLIAM FREDERICK JUDD
Lance Corporal, 1010 Docks Operating Company, Royal Engineers (Service Number 2012192)
William Frederick Judd was born on 8 Jun 1915 in Milford Street, Splott to Mark Herbert Judd, a dock transport worker, originally from Cardiff and Edith Gladys Judd née Rees, also originally from Cardiff. Shortly after William was born his father enlists and spends three years in the Welsh Guards in WWI. The Judd family later move to Llanelly Street and after leaving school William worked as a wharf labourer in Cardiff docks. In 1938 he marries Eileen O’Donaghue, a cushion machinist, from Tremorfa. In 1939 they are living at 259 Portmanmoor Road. He joined the army in 1940 and served as a Lance Corporal with the Royal Engineers. He died on 17 Jun 1943, aged 28, believed drowned. He was aboard the S.S.Yoma in the Mediterranean off the coast of Libya when it was torpedoed by a German submarine. She was carrying troops back from Algeria to Alexandria, Egypt, many of them Royal Engineers who were to assist with port facilities for the Sicily invasion. The S.S.Yoma was hit by two torpedoes and went down in under 5 minutes. Sources vary but it seems that 451 troops were lost together with 29 crew. William Judd’s body was not recovered. He is remembered on the 1939-1945 memorial in Brookwood Military Cemetery, Surrey (Panel 5, Column 2). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
WILLIAM HENRY PAUL KELLEHER
Sergeant (Wireless Op./Air Gunner), 97 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (Service Number 1006928)
William Henry Paul Kelleher was born on 13 Oct 1916 to William Henry Kelleher, a dairyman and Mary Kelleher née Kingston, a shopkeeper, both from Cardiff. The family lived at 45a Swansea Street, Splott. William attended St Illtyd’s College (1926-30) and afterwards became a milkman working for his father’s business. He joined the RAF Volunteer Reserve and was part of 97 squadron. He died on 17 Dec 1942 aged 26. He was the radio operator and gunner on board Lancaster bomber ED333 which took off at 17:22 from Woodhall Spa airfield, Lincolnshire for a mission to Neustadt, Germany. It was shot down by a night-fighter and crashed some 5 km east of Urk killing all seven crew. He is buried at the Amsterdam New Eastern Cemetery ( Plot 69. Row D. Joint grave 3). He is remembered on the St Illtyd’s College memorial at St Alban on the Moors church in Splott. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
JAMES CHARLES HENRY ALLEN KINSON
Private, 9th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry (Service Number 7342084)
James Charles Henry Allen Kinson was born in 1912 in Cathays, Cardiff to Henry Allen Kinson, a corporation labourer, from Cardiff and Minnie Elizabeth Kinson nee Stone, also from Cardiff. He attended St Monica’s school. In 1937 he married Takouhi Stepanian in Cardiff who lived at 47 Minny Street, Cathays in 1939. When WWII starts James and three of his brothers enlist. He joined the Royal Tank Corps in 1939 but later transferred to the Durham Light Infantry. He was killed a week into the battle to retake Sicily on 17 Jul 1943 aged 21. He is buried at Catania War Cemetery, Sicily. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. His wife Takouhi remarried in 1955 but passed away in 1960 in Croydon aged 49.
EDWIN THOMAS KIRBY
Lance Serjeant, 240 Battery, 77th Heavy Anti-Aircraft. Regiment, Royal Artillery (Service Number 858166)
Edwin Thomas Kirby was born on 7 Jul 1916 in Cardiff to Edwin Kirby, a dock gateman, originally from Darlington, County Durham and Elizabeth Kirby née Brooks originally from Penarth. He was baptised in Grangetown on 27 Jul 1916, so likly born there too. In 1939 Edwin and the Kirby family were living at 6 Elaine Street, Splott. Prior to the war Edwin was employed by the Wellfield Coal Company. He served in the Royal Artillery in the 77th Regiment which was a TA Regiment from South Wales comprising 239, 240 and 241 Batteries. On 6 Dec 1941 they sailed from the Clyde. They reached Durban in South Africa early in Jan 1942. They arrived at what is now known as Jakarta, Indonesia on 4 Feb 1942. 240 Battery were active in Java in March and surrendered to Japanese forces that month after being outnumbered. POWs were concentrated in large camps, mainly in the Batavia area, where from about October 1942 regular drafts of ‘slave labour’ were sent to other destinations. Some including Edwin were sent to Japan to work in the coal mine in Ube, Japan. He arrived in Japan on 27 Nov 1942 on board the ship the Singapore Maru. His time in Japan was short for he died on 7 Dec 1942 aged 26 of ‘Catarrh of colon & bronchitis’ as a Japanese Prisoner of War at the Ohama POW Camp. The soldiers that died in Japanese hands and were cremated. After the war the Army Graves Service arranged for their ashes to be brought by H.M.A.S. Newfoundland to Sydney for interment at the Sydney War Cemetery in New South Wales, Australia. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
VINCENT CLARKE LASHFORD
Second Lieutenant, 120 Squadron, Royal Air Force (Service Number 152618)
Vincent Clarke Lashford was born on 9th Dec 1893 in Cardiff. He was one of thirteen children born to Edgar George Frederick James Lashford, a commercial traveller selling fruit and potatoes, originally from Almondsbury, Gloucestershire, and Alice Mary Lashford née Parker originally from Reading. The family lived at 122 Richmond Road in 1911 and Vincent worked as a clerk. In May 1912 he emigrates to Canada leaving Bristol and arriving at Montreal. He enlists in the Canadian Officers Training Corps based at the University of Toronto in 1917 and transferred to the Flying Corps at Fort Worth, Texas, later the same year. He arrived in England at Easter 1918 but is killed in an accident on 30 May 1918, aged 24, on his last training flight prior to going to France. He was flying an R.E.8, a two-seat biplane out of Cramlington, which dived into the ground in Newcastle. He is buried at Cathays Cemetery (section D, grave 1053). He is remembered on a plaque in St Peters Catholic church in Roath, Cardiff and the Canadian Virtual War Memorial. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
REGINALD WOLSTAN LEWIS
Private, 8th Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment (Service Number 45072)
Reginald Wolstan Lewis was born in the summer of 1900 in Cardiff to Frederick William Lewis, originally from Newport and an accountant in a coal exporting and ship broking company, and Elizabeth Anne Lewis nee Morgan, originally from Cwmbran. The family lived in some of the grand streets of the time, Stacey Road (1901), Connaught Road (1911) and at 49 Richmond Road (1918). He enlisted in Farnborough joining the Royal Flying Corps at 16 and became A.M.I. (Wireless) (service no.67748); subsequently joined 1st Reserve Battalion, London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers) C Company in Nov 1917 and then the later the 8th Battalion, Princess Charlotte of Wales Royal Berkshire Regiment. He was killed in action on 24 Aug 1918 aged 18 on the western front in the Somme region of France and is buried at Bapaume Post Military Cemetery. He is also remembered in St Peter’s church, Cardiff with a plaque below the XI Station of the Cross. His parents also donated a Processional Cross to the church in 1922 in memory of their son. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Leading Aircraftwoman, 953 Balloon Squadron, Women’s Auxiliary Air Force (Service No: 2045888)
Mary MacAskill was born in c1921 to Norman and Joan MacAskill of Culrain, Scotland. she was a member of the 953 Balloon Squadron of the Women’s Auxiliary Air Force stationed in Cardiff. She died aged 22 along with two fellow squadron members on 18 May 1943 during an air raid when their station on Colchester Avenue, Penylan took a direct hit. On May 20th the remains of three casualties, left for their respective homes, each coffin accompanied by a WAAF Officer and NCO. She is buried at Kincardine Cemetery, Ross and Cromarty (grave 166). She is also remembered on the Ardgay War Memorial. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Olive Margrett died aged 47 on 19th May 1943 at the Royal Infirmary following injuries sustained when a bomb fell on 12 Penylan Road the previous night in the final bombing raid on Cardiff. She was wife of Archibald George Margrett, a steam raiser on the Great Western Railway. She was born on 16th November 1896 in Cardiff. Her mother Elizabeth and daughter Patricia died in the same raid as well as her sister and niece. Commonwealth War Graves Commission page. Her story is told here: Pen-y-lan Road blitz victims
PATRICIA OLIVE MARGRETT
Patricia Olive Margrett died aged 19 on 19th May 1943 at the Royal Infirmary following injuries sustained when a bomb fell on 12 Penylan Road the previous night in the final bombing raid on Cardiff. She was daughter of Olive Margrett (who died in the same raid) and Archibald George Margrett. Patricia’s grandmother, aunt and cousin died in the same raid. Commonwealth War Graves Commission page. Her story is told here: Pen-y-lan Road blitz victims
JOHN FREDERICK MARSH
Trooper, 12th Army Tank Regiment, Three Rivers Regiment, R.C.A.C (Service Number B/38200)
John Frederick March was born Frederick John Marsh on 3 Oct 1915 in Cathays, Cardiff to Robert William Marsh, a brick kiln worker, originally from Street, Somerset and Sarah Ann Marsh nee Hutchings also originally from Street, Somerset. John grew up in 46 Flora Street and attended Gladstone School. In 1928 John and his parents and some of his siblings emigrated to Garson Mine, Ontario, Canada. He worked a labourer and joined up in Jul 1940 and leaves Halifax, Canada for Gourock, Scotland in Jun 1941. He was then based in the UK until Jun 1943 before sailing to Italy to be involved in the retaking of Sicily. He was killed late afternoon on 30 Jul 1943 in Sicily aged 28. He was killed when a mortar round landed near a water carrier vehicle he was travelling in and he was mortally wounded by shrapnel. He is buried at the Agira Canadian War Cemetery, Sicily (grave D, B, 404) . Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
2nd Radio Officer, Merchant Navy
David Matthews was born on March 5th 1920 in Pontypridd to Cyril Thomas Matthews and Elizabeth Matthews. In 1939 the family ran an ironmongers shop at 107 Albany Road and David was working an ironmonger’s assistant. During the war he was a 2nd Radio Officer on board the S.S.Victoria City which was lost at sea on 2nd Dec 1940. At 21.42 hours on 3 December 1940 the unescorted Victoria City, travelling from New York USA and Halifax, Canada, to London and a straggler from convoy HX-90, was hit on port side underneath the bridge by one G7a torpedo from U-140 and sank by the bow within 15 seconds about 30 miles north-west of the Donegal coast in Ireland. The master and 42 crew members were lost. The ship had been owned by Sir William Reardon Smith & Sons Ltd, Cardiff. He is remembered on the Albany Road Baptist Church war memorial plaque and the Tower Hill Memorial, London.
ALFRED MICHAEL MAZZEI
Private, 6th Battalion, South Wales Borderers (Service Number 17042)
Alfred Michael Mazzei was born on 26 Dec 1892 on Nora Street to Frederick Mazzei, a plasterer, originally from Holborn, London and Elizabeth Mazzei née Hamilton, originally from Bristol. By 1911 his parents had passed away and he was living as a border in Nora Street giving his profession as a collier. He later lived with his sister 67 Constellation Street. He served with the South Wales Borderers and died on the morning of 27 May 1917 aged 24 when he was shot in the head on the western front in Belgium. The letter from his commanding office to next of kin said ‘Alfred was universally popular both with officers and men a sportsman a fine boxer and clean minded, his loss is one that leaves a gap in the Battalion’. He is buried at the Nieuwkerke (Neuve-Eglise) Churchyard in Belgium not far from the French border (grave reference G.2). He is remembered in the Splott War memorial at St Saviour’s church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. His brother Lewis also served and was killed in WWI and his brother William served with the 2nd Welsh Regiment and lost a leg.
LEWIS PELEGRNA MAZZEI
Private, 1st Battalion, South Wales Borderers (Service Number 8673)
Lewis ‘Louis’ Pelegrena Mazzei was born on 10 Mar 1884 on Sandon Place to Frederick Mazzei, a plasterer, originally from Holborn, London and Elizabeth Mazzei née Hamilton, originally from Bristol. He was baptised on 2 Apr 1884 at St David’s church. By 1901 his parents had passed away and he was living with his sister and brothers in 41 Nora Street giving his profession as a general labourer. In the 1911 census he is already in the army with the South Wales Borderers and serving in South Africa. It appears from one record that he may have enlisted as early as Feb 1905. He returns to Europe and goes to the Western Front and was killed in action early in WWI on 21 Oct 1914 aged 30 at Langemark in the First Battle of Ypres. He is remembered on the Ypres (Menin Gate) memorial (panel 22). He is also remembered on the Splott War memorial at St Saviour’s church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. His brother Alfred Mazzei is also killed in WWI.
WILLIAM JOHN MAZZEI
Corporal, 1/5th Battalion, Welch Regiment (Service Number 3964220)
William John Mazzei was born in Cardiff on 12 Jan 1919, to William Mazzei, a labourer from Cardiff who had been badly injured in WWI and Rose Lillian Mazzei née Shopland, also from Cardiff. In 1939 he lived at 187 North Rd, Cardiff with his parents. He was killed on 21 July 1944 aged 27 in Normandy, France whilst serving with the 1/5th Battalion, Welch Regiment. He is buried at the Brouay War Cemetery (grave III. B. 4.). His cousin Alfred Monaghan fought alongside him in the same regiment and died the same day. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
DAVID JOHN McGREGOR
Engineer Lieutenant Commander, H.M.S. Hawke, Royal Navy
David John McGregor was born on 7 Jul 1874 in Hebburn, Tyneside, to Donald McGregor, a clerk, originally from Banffshire, Scotland and Mary McGregor née Fairley from Newcastle On Tyne. The family moved to Cardiff and David McGregor attended Cardiff Higher Grade School (Howard Gardens) and then Cardiff University College studying engineering. After leaving university he served an apprenticeship at Wallsend Engineering works in Cardiff for five years before joining the Royal Navy. He won a scholarship to Greenwich Naval College. He served many years afloat and his naval records contain many references to him being zelous and having a lot of ability and reluctant to retire. He became the Admiralty Coal Inspector in Cardiff. He was summoned to active service but died on 15 Oct 1914, aged 40, when H.M.S. Hawke was sunk in the North Sea sixty miles off Aberdeen when it was torpedoed by German U-boat U9 and hit amidships near a magazine. The detonation was followed by a second terrific explosion, in which a large number of the crew were killed. The ship sank within 5 minutes and was only able to launch one ship’s boat. Five hundred and twenty five perished. He is remembered on the Howardian War Memorial plaque and the Cardiff University War Memorial plaque. He is also remembered on the Chatham Naval Memorial. A white marble family headstone at Cathays Cemetery (Grave Reference L3572) also remembers him with the following words: ‘Also of Engr Lt Commr David J McGregor R.N. / of H.M.S. Hawke. Lost with vessel in North Sea 15th October 1914 / A model son and kind brother‘. His obituary and picture appeared in the South Wales Daily News on 17 Oct 1914. We pick up his address when he died on his probate record as being 18 Balaclava Road in Penylan, Cardiff. Commonwealth War Grave Commission record.
Private, 16th Battalion Welsh Regiment. (Service Number 56557).
Hubert Holinshead Merchant was born on 26th July 1896 in Llanhilleth, Monmouthshire. He was the eldest son of Arthur Davies Merchant, a colliery labourer, originally from Gloucester and Emily Merchant née Solomon originally form Bristol. In 1911 we find the family living at 124 Broadway with Arthur a caretaker and Hubert, aged 14, working as a boot dealer’s errand boy having previously attended Moorland Road school. He enlisted 26th April, 1915, in 7th Welsh (Cyclists) before transferring to the 115th Trench Mortar Battery, 16th Battalion, Welsh Regiment. He served on the Western Front from 28 July 1916, and was killed in action after the Battle of Pilkem Ridge on 1 Aug 1917 aged 21. His Captain wrote: ‘He went into the fight with his usual cheerfulness, and went right over Pilkem Ridge, as far as the River Steenbeek, where he fought gallantly until he was hit by a sniper in the side’. He is remembered on the Ypres Menin Gate Memorial (Panels 37). His military papers record the Merchant family living at 176 Cathays Terrace at the time. He was remembered on the Charles Street Wesleyan Methodist Church WWI memorial currently in the safe keeping of Cardiff Bereavement Services. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
ARTHUR JOHN MITCHELL
Sergeant, 15th Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.
Arthur Mitchell was born in Cardiff on 22nd April 1918 to Arthur Mitchell and Hannah Mitchell née Domville. Prior to the war Arthur worked as an ordnance surveyor. The family lived in Pinehurst on Ty Gwyn Road, likely to have been just north of where the road passes over the Eastern Avenue today. He has no known grave. He died on 23rd July 1941 aged 33 and is remembered on the RAF Runnymede Memorial, Surrey. He is also remembered on a memorial in St Edward’s church and their website records the following information: On an operation as the Flight Engineer in a Stirling bomber (N6038) to attack the Battle cruiser Scharnhorst, they took off from RAF Wyton with five other aircraft at 6.05pm on 23rd July 1941. They encountered heavy anti-aircraft fire and were attacked repeatedly by ME109s which forced the bombers to dive to low level. N6038 was fatally damaged and crashed into the sea off Pembroke, claiming the lives of the crew. [Some details from the book “Short Stirling Units in World War 2” by Jonathan Falconer.] Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
ALFRED JOHN THOMAS MONAGHAN
Lance Corporal, 1/5th Battalion, Welch Regiment (Service Number 3965467)
Alfred John Thomas Monaghan was born in Cardiff on 15 May 1918 to Robert Joseph Monaghan, a steel works labourer, originally from Newport, and Rosina Maria Monaghan née Mazzei, originally from Cardiff. He grew up in the Splott area and was living at 67 Constellation Street with his parents in 1939 and working in the blast furnace at the steel works. In May 1937 the newspaper reports that Alfred, then aged 16, had saved a boy, Alec Coakly, aged 6, from drowning in the canal near Hayes Bridge. Alfred, a non-swimmer himself, had jumped in and rescued the boy. Alfred served with the 1/5th Battalion, Welch Regiment. He was killed in action at Normandy on 21 Jul 1944, aged 25. He is buried at Banneville-la-Campagne war cemetery (grave VI. E. 24). His cousin William Mazzei fought alongside him in the same regiment and died the same day. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Private, 14th Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers.
Percy Moore was born in 1893 in Cardiff to Edwin Moore, a railway inspector, from Arlingham, Gloucestershire and Annie Moore ( née Pritchard) from Croesyceliog. The family lived in various locations in Roath including Inverness Place, Montgomery Street and Arran Street. Percy is recorded as working as a clerk in the 1911 census. He joins the 14th Battalion of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers and is killed in action at Ypres, Belgium on 25th Feb 1917 aged 23. He is buried at Medinghem Military Cemetery in Belgium near the French border. He is remembered on the Albany Road Baptist Church war memorial plaque. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record
HERBERT VICTOR MORSE
Private, 1st Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment
Hubert Victor Morse was born in 1891 in Penarth to Edwin Morse, a general haulier, originally from Gloucestershire and Ellen Morse, née Ashelford, originally from Somerset. Hubert worked as a clerk in a rents and estates business before joining the Leicestershire Regiment as a Private. The family had lived at 105 City Road in 1911 but Hubert’s war record show them then living at 40 Bedford Street. The memorial states that he died of his wounds on 25th Apr 1917. He is buried at the Philosophe British Cemetery in northern France. He is remembered on the Albany Road Baptist Church war memorial plaque. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record
HAROLD STEWART NEEVE
Flight Sergeant (Pilot), 37 Squadron, Royal Air Force (Service Number 626638)
Harold Stewart Neeve was born in 1921 to Alfred Harold Neeve, originally from Denmark, a seaman then a warehouseman, and Annie Mary Neeve née Stewart from Cardiff of Scottish decent. Harold was their only child and was educated at Moorland Road school, Clarke’s College and then Cardiff Technical College. The Neeve family lived at 15 Aberdovey Street, Splott. He joined the 37th Squadron of the RAF and was already a skipper in Jan 1943 but died on 30 Sep 1943 aged 22 when piloting Wellington III HF614. He is buried at the Medjez-el-Bab cemetery in Tunisia (grave ref: 7.F.9) having been reinterred in Aug 1944. He is remembered on the WWII memorial plaque in St Saviour’s Church, Splott. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Driver, Royal Army Service Corps (Service Number T/231570)
Michael O’Neil was born on 28 Nov 1909 to Edward O’Neil, a wharf labourer, from Cardiff and Catherine ‘Kate’ O’Neil née Connolly originally from Skibbereen, Co Cork, Ireland. In 1911 the O’Neil family were living in 25 Planet Street, Adamsdown and in 1939 at 30 Glenroy Street, Roath. Michael attended St Illtyd’s school between 1923 and 1928. In 1939 he is working as an insurance agent and marries Dorothy Eleanor Balmer, a company secretary, in Cardiff and they live at 10 Four Elms Road, Roath . He joins the Royal Army Service Corps as a driver but is dies in what is now Israel on 8 Nov 1941 aged 31. He is buried at the Ramleh War Cemetery in Israel (plot S20). He is remembered on the St Illtyd’s School War Memorial plaque now restored and in St Alban’s church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
ALEXANDER THOMAS PATERSON
Private, 1st Battalion, Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) (Service Number S/9446, 442019)
Alexander Thomas Paterson was born on 12 Aug 1893 in Cardiff to Thomas Paterson, a tailor, originally from Glasgow and Selina Paterson nee Peters originally from Pembrokeshire. He attended Adamsdown and later Crwys Road school. He also attended Tredegaville Baptist church. In 1901 the Paterson family lived at 13 St Peter Street and in 1904 they had moved to Crwys Road. His father died in 1906 aged 54. In 1911 the Paterson family had moved again to 69 Shakespeare Street, Roath and Alex was working as a general assistant at a wall paper merchant. By 1913 he was a fitters mate and a member of the National Union of Railwaymen. When he enlisted in Perth in June 1915 in the Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) he gave his profession as a brakesman. He was posted to the Western Front and shot and wounded in the right shoulder in Feb 1916 at the Battle of Loos. On recovering he was transferred to the Labour Corps in Nov 1917. By June 1, 1918 Alexander and the Labour Corps were serving at the line of the Hohenzoller Sector when Etaples Military Hospital, 15 miles south of Boulogne was bombed by the German forces. Alex died aged 24 as a result of being wounded in the bombing. He is buried at the Etaples Military Cemetery (grave LXVII. E. 18). He is remembered on the war memorial plaque at Tredegaville Baptist Church and the Cardiff Railway employees Roll of Honour at the Pierhead Building in Cardiff Bay. Commonwealth War Grave Commission record.
JOHN STUART PHELPS
Rifleman, 1st/5th Battalion, South Lancashire Regiment (Service Number 34067)
John Stuart Phelps was born on 18 Jun 1887 in Roch, Pembrokeshire to Moses Phelps, a coalminer, originally from Freystrop, Pembs and Frances Phelps nee Childs, a dressmaker, originally from Nolton, Pembs. He started attending school in Nolton in Apr 1893. By 1911, then aged 22, he had moved to Cardiff and was working as a draper’s salesman for the department store James Howell’s in St Mary’s Street and living on the premises along with many other people in the drapery trade. In 1915 he had moved to 5 Piercefield Place, Roath, still working as a draper’s assistant and attended Star Street church where he was a faithful member of the choir. He enlisted in Cardiff in December 1915 into the 7th Battalion, Welsh Regiment, a Territorial Cyclist Battalion. On 26 July 1916 he landed in France, and was posted to the 1/5th Battalion, South Lancashire Regiment. He probably fought in a number of battles at the Somme including the battles of Guillemont, Ginchy and Morval. The division moved to the Ypres salient in October 1916. Stuart was killed in action here on 18 November 1916 aged 29. He has no known grave but is remembered on the Ypres (Menin Gate) memorial in Belgium and also the Roch War memorial in Pembrokeshire. He was also remembered on an individual plaque that was in Star Street church, Cardiff and now believed to be at Parkminster URC church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
GWYNNE GRIFFITHS PROSSER
Private, 11th Battalion, Welsh Regiment.
Gwynne Griffiths Prosser was born to John Prosser, a docks labourer, and Hannah Prosser née Angove. In 1911 the family were living at 127 Donald Street and Gwynne working as a butcher’s assistant. He married Marie E Chester-Woods in Hastings in 1915. He joined the 11th Battalion Welsh Regiment and died on 19th January 1916 in Salonika aged 25. He is buried at Lambert Road cemetery just outside Thessaloniki city in Greece. He is remembered on the Albany Road Baptist Church war memorial plaque. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
HERBERT THOMAS LEWIS PROSSER
Corporal, 11th Battalion, Welsh Regiment.
Lewis Prosser, (brother of Gwynne above) was born to John Prosser, a docks labourer, and Hannah Prosser née Angove. In 1911 Lewis was a grocer’s assistant. He married Mary Marie Booy from Cardiff in 1915 and they had a son Edward Lewis Colston Prosser. Like his brother he also joined the 11th Battalion Welsh Regiment but died of his wounds on 20 Nov 1916 aged 22 in Salonika, Greece. He is buried at Karasouli Military Cemetery in Greece. He is remembered on the Albany Road Baptist Church war memorial plaque. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
JAMES HENRY RADCLIFT
Sub-Lieutenant. Royal Navy. HMS Glorious.
James Henry Radclift as born in 1915 to Thomas Henry Radclift, a plumber, originally from Bideford, Devon and Eva Norman Radclift née Fry, originally from Instow, Devon. The family lived in Tewkesbury Street, Cathays. Thomas Radclift died when James was only 11 and his mother Eva went onto remarry Arthur Melhuish a few years later. James Henry Radclift joined the navy and was a Sub-Lieutenant serving on the aircraft carrier HMS Glorious when it was sunk in the Norwegian Sea on 8th June 1940 with the loss of 1,200 lives. He was 25 years old. The story of the sinking of HMS Glorious and her two escort ships is told here by Friends of Cathays Cemetery. James Radclift is remembered on the grave of his parents in Section G of Cathays Cemetery. He is also remembered on the Naval Memorial at Lee-on-Solent, Hampshire (Bay 1, Panel 3). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record (note surname is mis-spelt).
MAVIS DORA REES
Mavis Rees, aged 9, was injured when a bomb fell on 12 Penylan Road in the final bombing raid on Cardiff. She died the next day at the Royal Infirmary. She was born on 19th April 1934 and daughter of Dora Rees née Wing and William J Rees. She is buried at Cathays Cemetery, Plot EO 2354. She is remembered on the Albany Road Baptist Church war memorial plaque. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. Her story is told here: Pen-y-lan Road blitz victims
Private. 648th Military Transport Company, Army Service Corps (Service Number M/283912)
James Rockey was born in the summer of 1898 and lived his early years in the Canton area. He was the youngest son of James Rockey, a Coal Inspector, originally from Torrington, Devon and Annie Rockey née Lewis. By 1911 the family were living on Newport Road. James worked at the engineers yard of Cardiff Railway Company before enlisting and serving with the 648th Military Transport Company of the Army Service Corps in East Africa. Their role appears to have been artillery support. The East Africa Campaign, much of it based around the old German East Africa, the area that now includes modern Tanzania, was seen as a diversionary tactic aiming to draw allied resources away from the Western Front in Europe. Many lives were lost not just in fighting but also through disease as troops succumbed to malaria and other infections. James died on 18th November 1918, a week after the armistice had been signed in France. He is buried at the Nakuru North cemetery (plot 27) in Kenya. At the time of his death the Rockey family lived at 218 Newport Road. The announcement in the Western Mail at the time regarding his death finishes with the line ‘The end of a perfect life’. He is remembered on the WWI Memorial plaque at St Edwards Church in Penylan and on the Cardiff Railway Workers roll of honour which is in the Pierhead building in Cardiff Bay. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
WILLIAM HENRY ROUNSEFELL
Bombardier, Royal Field Artillery (Service Number 148351)
William Henry Rounsefell was born in Devon in early 1889 to William Rounsefell, a farm labourer originally from Lapford, Devon and Olivia Rounsefell née Alford originally from Winkleigh, Devon. The family lived at Kelland Cottage in Lapford in 1911 and William Henry was working as a horseman on a farm. He joins the Royal Artillery and sails form Southampton to Alexandria, Egypt in October 1916. He falls ill in early 1918 and his records indicate he had malaria at one stage. He is sent home from Alexandria on board Hospital Ship Wandilla in Oct 1918. He died of nephritis and pneumonia at Albany Road military hospital, Cardiff, on 14 Dec 1918 aged 30. He is buried at Lapford Congregational Churchyard, Devon. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
FRED STANLEY SALMONI
Lance Corporal, 15th Battalion, Australian Infantry, A.I.F.( Service Number 791)
Fred Stanley Salmoni was born on 24 Dec 1892 in Roath, Cardiff to William Salmoni, a painter and decorator, originally from Wells, Somerset, and Mary Salmoni née Hudgins originally from Pentyrch, Glamorgan. The Salmoni family lived at 8 Elm Street, Roath and Fred attended Stacey Road school and was a member of the 14th Company Cardiff Boy’s Brigade. After leaving school he became a fitters helper in a colliery above ground. He emigrated to Australia in 1912. Fred Salmoni joined his aunt and uncle in Childers in Queensland and took up a lease to farm 260 acres of timberland in the Good Night Scrub on the Burnell River in 1914. On the outbreak of war he enlisted in Brisbane in the Australian Contingent, travelled initially to Egypt then Turkey but was killed in action at Gallipoli on 28 April 1915 aged 21. On the morning of the 27th his platoon commander, Lieut. T. Robertson, with a party of thirty picked men (including Salmoni) went forward to occupy an outpost position in advance of the main line of defence. Early the following morning the enemy massed in large numbers opposite their position and demanded their surrender; this was refused, but as they were greatly outnumbered they had to retire, and only a few of the party succeeded in reaching the main line. Although killed on 28 April, his body was not found until the 24 May. He was buried in Shrapnel Valley, about one mile north-east of Gaba Tepe, Turkey. The exact whereabouts of the grave was subsequently lost. Following his death there was a successful claim for part of his war pension by Ethel Rose Baker of 82 Elm Street, Cardiff on behalf of a son Kenneth John Baker, born illegitimately in July 1912. His decision to emigrate may have been motivated by the birth of his illegitimate son. It turns out that in adulthood, Kenneth Baker also worked as a fitter. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. Australia holds a Last Post Ceremony at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra each day. At each ceremony the story behind one of the names on the Roll of Honour is told. On 22 March 2017 the story of Lance Corporal Fred Salmoni was told. A video of the ceremony is available and his story starts at 5min 45sec into the recording. He is also remembered on the Gin Gin Cenotaph, and in the Isis Shire Council Chambers and Memorial Hall, and on a virtual Queensland Roll of Honour Australia. Back home he doesn’t appear to be remembered on any memorials though was mentioned in an edition of the Roath Roamer magazine of the Roath Road Wesleyan Methodist Church.
FRANCIS ROBERT SMART
Second Engineer, S.S. “Mexico City” (Hong Kong), Mercantile Marine
Francis ‘Frank’ Robert Smart was born in Sharpness, Gloucestershire in 1877 to Henry Smart, a marine pilot, and Maria Smart née Cooper both originally also from Berkeley, Glos. By the age of 23 he was a mechanical engineer working in Bristol but in 1911 he had returned home to his parents in Berkeley and was working as a marine engineer. In 1914 he married Nellie Sheard in Staincliffe, Yorkshire. The address on his marriage Banns at the time was Roath, Cardiff. In 1915 they have a son James born in Dewsbury, Yorks. They return to Cardiff living at 68 Roath Court Road and Frank joins the merchant navy. He dies on 5 Feb 1918 aged 40 when serving as Second Engineer on board S.S. Mexico City (previously named the S.S. Narrung). The S.S.Mexico City was en route from Liverpool to Alexandria with a general cargo when it was sunk in the Irish Sea, 15 miles west of Anglesey, by German submarine U.101. Twenty nine men were lost, with survivors rescued by RMS Leinster and the USS Parker and others made it by lifeboat to Douglas. The S.S.Mexico City was registered in Hong Kong and many of the crew came from that area. Frank Smart is remembered on the Tower Hill Memorial, London. He is also remembered on the Berkeley War Memorial inside the Minster church of St Mary the Virgin. James, their son, went on to be a civil engineer in the water industry. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
BERNARD WELBY SOMERFORD
Sergeant (Navigator (Bomber)), 420 (R.C.A.F.) Squadron, Royal Air Force (Service Number 658354)
Bernard Welby Somerford was born in Tenbury, Worcestershire in 1920 to George William Welby Somerford, a drapers clerk, originally from Tunbridge Wells, Kent and Lavinia Annie Somerford, nee Hillier, a drapers assistant, originally from Frome, Somerset. The Somerford family moved to Cardiff living at 52 Princes Street and Bernard’s father worked as an advertising representative for the Western Mail and Echo but Bernard’s mother died when he was just twelve. He attended Cardiff High School for Boys and on leaving school he worked for Cardiff City council on the staff of the Public Assistance Department at Cardiff City Hall. He played cricket for Cardiff High Old Boys and was a member of Charles Street Congregational Church where he worked with the Youth Group. He joined the 6th Battalion Welsh Regiment (Territorials) in 1938 and remained in the Royal Artillery (Searchlights) until his transfer to the RAF in 1941. He died on 13 Feb 1943 aged 22 when the Wellington bomber he was in crashed near Lorient, Brittany. The plane had taken off from Middleton St. George airfield, Co Durham as part of a bombing raid on the port of Lorient. All five crew members were killed when the Wellington crashed in the target area. He is buried at Guidel Communal Cemetery in Brittany (Row 6, Grave 21). He is remembered on the memorial for Cardiff Corporation employees at Cardiff City Hall. Commonwealth War Graves record.
Private, 11th Battalion, Welsh Regiment (Service Number 15514)
Herbert Spence was born in Middlesbrough in early 1881 to Marcus John Spence, a marine engineer originally from North Shields, and Faith Spence née Milburn, originally from Leeds. By 1891 the family had moved down to Newport and Herbert was in school but his mother Faith passed away in 1893. In 1901 the Spence family had moved to Cardiff living in Forrest Road, Canton. Herbert married Beatrice Mary Davies at St Mark’s Church, Gabalfa on 9 Aug 1915 when he was already serving in the Welsh Regiment. He was a well known in Canton football circles and he worked as a painter and decorator. He served with the 11th Battalion, Welsh Regiment and died of malaria on the 31 August 1917 in Salonika, Greece aged 37. He is buried in Mikra British Cemetery in Greece. The newspaper report of his death mentions his father living in Planet Street, Roath and his wife living at 71 Manor Street. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
BETTY MARY STANNARD
Leading Aircraftwoman, 953 Balloon Squadron, Women’s Auxiliary Air Force (Service Number 2068971)
Betty Mary Stannard was born in Kent in 1922 to Albert James Stannard, an Estate worker from Monkton, Kent, and Mary Eleanor Stannard née Williams. (Her father Albert worked on the estate belonging to Collingwood ‘Cherry’ Ingram, ornithologist and plant collector and son of Sir William Ingram, owner of London Illustrated News). Betty was a Leading Aircraftwoman with 953 Balloon Squadron, Women’s Auxiliary Air Force which was based at Cardiff Castle in WWII. She died on 18th May 1943, aged 21 when the barrage balloon site at which she was stationed at Colchester Avenue, Penylan took a direct hit during a bombing raid on Cardiff. Three WAAF balloon operators were killed and a further four injured. She is buried at St George’s in Benenden, Kent (grave reference : Row 13. Grave 59). Betty Mary Stannard is commemorated on the Benenden War Memorial in Kent. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
THOMAS HENRY CUTHBERT STEPHENS
Signaller, 96th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery (Service Number 348208)
Thomas Henry Cuthbert Stephens was born on 6 May 1895 in Cardiff to Henry Stephens, a hydraulic crane operator and coal trimmer, and Hannah Maud Stephens nee Cooper both originally from Cardiff. He was baptised on 2 Aug 1895 that year at St Margaret’s church, Roath. In 1901 the family lived Talworth Street. He attended Marlborough Road School and later Albany Road School where he won the 100yds hurdle at the Cardiff Schools Sports Day in 1908 before moving on to Howard Gardens school later that year. In 1911 the Stephens family lived in 83 Keppoch Street and Cuthbert was working as a junior clerk. The Stephens family then moved again to lived at 26 Roath Court Road. He enlisted 3 September 1914. He survived the war and was discharged 8 Mar 1919 having been previously injured or due to illness but died on 18 Mar 1920 in Cardiff aged 24. He is buried at Cathays Cemetery, Cardiff (grave VL. CE. 32.). He is included on the memorial at St Edward’s Church, Roath. The Processional Cross used at St Edward’s church was dedicated in his memory. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
WILLIAM HARRY STRACHAN
Private, 1st Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers (Service Number 56643)
William Harry Strachan was born in Cardiff in 1886 to John Stachan, originally from Aberdeen, Scotland and Catherine Cecilia Strachan née Lewis from Cardiff. He was baptised in Llanishen on October 21st that year where his mother Catherine had been born. His father John Strachan was a very successful civil engineer working on railway projects and the building of Roath dock. The family lived in Craigisla, a large mansion house on Ty-Gwyn Road in Pen-y-lan, Cardiff. William Stachan was one of at least ten children that Catherine and John Strachan had. Some of the children became engineers like their father. In 1901 William, aged 14, is living with his parents in Craigisla, Pen-y-lan. He attended Cardiff High School for Boys. He doesn’t appear on the 1911 census and is probably working aboard because in January 1916 he arrives in Liverpool aboard the ship Orita having boarded in Rio de Janeiro. He is named as a secretary working for the Brazilian Traction Light & Power Company. Presumably he returned home in order to sign up for the army. William Strachan was a Private in the Royal Welsh Fusiliers. He died on 27th August 1916 aged 30. He was killed in the Battle of the Somme in France and his name appears on the Thiepval Memorial which is a memorial to those who died in that battle but with no known grave. He is also remembered on the War Memorial plaque in St Andrew’s URC church, Wellfield Rd, Roath, Cardiff (not middle name misspelt as Henry on plaque). He is also remembered on the Cardiff High School memorial. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
VINCENT GERALD SULLIVAN
Sergeant, 77 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (Service Number 969335)
Vincent Gerald Sullivan was born on 13 Jan 1915 in Cardiff to William Sullivan, a bricklayer at the steel works, originally from Blaenavon, Monmouthshire, and Josephine Sullivan née Steel, originally from South Shields, Durham, and a teacher. Vincent attended St Illtyd’s school 1926-29. The family at 148 Habershon Street, Splott. In 1937 Vincent was best man at his sister Josephine’s wedding when she married Richard Tecwyn Williams at St Alban church (R T Williams went on to become a famous toxicologist). In 1939 Vincent was working as an bus conductor when he got his Royal Aero Club Aviators’ Certificate at Cardiff Aeroplane Club in a Gypsy Moth aircraft. In WWII he was a Sergeant with 77 Squadron of the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. He lost his life in an air crash on 24 Nov 1940 aged 29. He was one of five crew aboard a Whitley V bomber which took off at 17.30 from Topcliffe airfield in Yorkshire on a mission in Italy. It is believed it ran out of fuel on its return and ditched in the Strait of Dover. Vincent’s body was not recovered. He is remembered on the Runnymede Memorial, Surrey and also the St Illtyd’s School war memorial plaque now at St Alban church, Splott. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
CYRIL CADLE TAYLER
Lieutenant, 1st Wing, The Glider Pilot Regiment, A.A.C. (Service Number 174387)
Cyril Cadle Tayler was born on 27 May 1920 in Cardiff to Herbert William Tayler, a managing director of a tobacconist, originally from Aldsworth, Gloucestershire, and Jessie Tayler from Lancashire. Cyril attended Cardiff High School for Boys on Newport Road, Cardiff and lived at 94 Colchester Avenue, Panylan, Cardiff. He was commissioned in the Royal Welch Fusiliers on 18 September 1942, and volunteered for airborne forces. He married Beryl Ward from Northleach, Gloucestershire in early 1944. Lieutenant Tayler successfully completed his glider pilot training and was posted to A Squadron, 1 Flight, 1st Wing, The Glider Pilot Regiment, and took part in Operation Market Garden (Arnhem). He was the pilot of Horsa glider CN140, which landed on the Johannahoeve on 19 September 1944. He was possibly wounded and taken POW. He died of his wounds on 20 September, aged 24, and was given a field burial in the German Military Cemetery at Grebbeberg, east of Rhenen and was re-interred to Arnhem Oosterbeek War Cemetery on 10 November 1945 (Ref: Para Data). He is remembered on the memorial plaques at St Edward’s church, Penylan, at St Peter & St Paul church, in Northleach, on Northleach village war memorial and a memorial stone on the family grave in Northleach cemetery. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
HARRY EDWARD TAYLOR
Leading Aircraftsman, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve
Harry Taylor was born on 20th October 1921. He lived at 38 Westville Road, Penylan with his parents Edward and Nettie Taylor. He died on 12th September 1940 after suffering multiple injuries including a fractured skull, wrist, jaw and ankle. A verdict of accidental death was returned in the inquest in Hull. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission record describes him as Leading Aircraftman (U/T Pilot) – undergoing training. He is buried at Llandaff Cemetery/memorial reference: Row 63. Grave 33.Ref: Hull Daily Mail 18 September 1940.
JOHN JELLICOE TAYLOR
Fireman and Trimmer, S.S. Harbury, Merchant Navy.
John Jellicoe Taylor was born on 1 Oct 1914 in Cardiff to John James Taylor, a dry docks worker from Cardiff who had served in the merchant navy in WWI and Mary Catherine Taylor nee O’Brien. He was a schoolboy boxing champion and later an amateur boxer and employed as a builders labourer. In 1936 he married Elizabeth Collins in Cardiff and in 1939 they lived at 22 Morgan Street, Adamsdown. They later lived at 74 Adam Street. They had four children together, a son who died in infancy and three daughters. In WWII he was a fireman and trimmer in the Merchant Navy. He died on 4 May 1943 aged 28 when the S.S.Harbury was sunk after being hit by a torpedo. The Harbury was sailing in a convoy from Milford Haven to St John’s, New Brunswick, Canada loaded with anthracite and a crew of 51. It sank in the North Atlantic about three quarters of the way to Canada. Eighteen of the crew were lost and the remainder rescued and taken to St John’s. He is remembered on the Tower Hill memorial, London. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
DAVID JOHN THOMAS
Private, 13th Battalion, The King’s (Liverpool Regiment). (Service Number 20656)
David John Thomas was born on 11 May 1875 in Upper George Street, Cathays (later renamed Wyeverne Road). His parents were Frederick George Thomas, a shoemaker, originally from Taunton, Somerset, and Emily Thomas nee Gainey, from Cardiff. He was baptised in St John’s church on 16 Jun 1875. He married Jane Barnes, originally from Llanelli, on 17 May 1896 at St Paul’s church, Grangetown. They went on to have eight children. David worked at the Bute Spring Works. The family lived initially in Janet Street and later at 29 Ordell Street. He enlisted in Cardiff on 22 Sep 1914 aged 34 and after training embarked for France on 26 Sep 1915. He served in The King’s (Liverpool Regiment) and was killed in action at the Battle of Somme, Bazentin Ridge, France on 14 Jul 1916 aged 36. The sergeant of his platoon wrote to Jane Thomas saying ‘your husband was a good worker and whenever there was anything to be done he was always the first to be there…He used to look after the boys of his platoon just like a father looks after his children’. He has no known grave but is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial at Somme, France (Pier and Face 1 D 8 B and 8 C). He is also remembered on the Splott War Memorialat St Saviour’s church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
EMRYS JAMES THOMAS
Captain, 2nd Wing, Glider Pilot Regiment (Service Number 233883)
Emrys James Thomas was born in Cardiff on 31 Jul 1915 to William Thomas and Margaret Thomas née Roberts. We don’t know much about his childhood but it seems he and his sister Elizabeth (Peggy) lived with their Aunt, Mary C Evans (nee Roberts) and Uncle, David Duncan Evans, at 212 Lake Road East, Roath Park, Cardiff, possibly indicating they were orphaned. In the 1939 Register Emrys is living/staying in Newport and working as a commercial traveller for a stationary company. He was commissioned in the Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge’s Own) and volunteered for airborne forces. He was awarded the Air Force Cross at Normandy. Emrys Thomas successfully completed his glider pilot training and was posted to F Squadron, 15 Flight as Officer Commanding, 1st Wing, The Glider Pilot Regiment, and took part in Operation Market Garden (Arnhem). Emrys Thomas was killed in action on 22 Sep 1944, aged 28, and was given a field burial in front of the Tafelberg Hotel, Oosterbeek, and re-interred to Arnhem Oosterbeek War Cemetery on 3 Sep 1945. He is remembered on the war memorial plaque at Park End Presbyterian church on Llandennis Avenue, Cardiff. Refs: ParaData and Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
ERIC KELVYN THOMAS
Trooper, 49th (West Riding) Regt, Reconnaissance Corps, R.A.C (Service Number 14401446)
Eric Kelvyn Thomas was born in 1925 in Cardiff to Ernest Edward Thomas, originally from Penarth and Louisa Jane Thomas née Smith, originally from Cadoxton. Eric’s father Ernest was a tram driver and had served in WWI in the Royal Engineers. The Thomas family lived at 20 May Street, Cathays. Eric served with the 49th (West Riding) Regt, Reconnaissance Corps (Royal Armoured Corps). He was killed in action on 26 Jan 1945 aged 19 in Holland. His body was reinterred at Jonkerbos War Cemetery in 1947, grave ref 7.G.6. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Private, 55th Battalion, Canadian Army Veterinary Corps (Service Number 445412)
Stephen Tomer was born on 14 Jan 1888 to Frank and Margaret Tomer of Woodstock, New Brunswick, Canada. He was a Maliseet Native North American. He married Madeline Purley in 1908. He joins up on 13 Aug 1915 and the unit sailed on 30 Oct 1915. He became ill in Feb 1917 in France. In May 1917 he was being treated for paratyphoid B at Addington Park war hospital in Croydon and then treated for appendicitis in October. It seems he never properly recovered and was sent to the No3 Western General Hospital (Cardiff Royal Infirmary) on 30 Mar 1918 but he died of bronchial pneumonia on 6th Apr 1918 in Albany Road Military Hospital (Albany Road Primary School) aged 30. He is buried at Cathays Cemetery (Grave EB 57). His grave is decorated with the Canadian maple leaf emblem. His brother Solomon Tomer also fought in WWI. He is remembered on the Canadian Virtual War Memorial. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
SYDNEY ABEL TROUNCE
Second Lieutenant, 5th Battalion, Suffolk Regiment
Sydney Abel Trounce was born in early 1894 in Cardiff to Sydney Arthur Trounce, an accountant and a later shipping and tourist agent from Cardiff, and Mabel Trounce nee Thornley also from Cardiff. In 1901 family lived at Kincraig Street, Roath and Sydney attended Albany Road School and later Cardiff Technical School. In 1911 and 1914 the family are living at 21 Amesbury Road, Pen-y-lan and Sydney working as a junior clerk. Sydney was grandson of William John Trounce, ship broker, Conservative councillor, JP and Mayor of Cardiff in 1893. A newspaper article from 1916 listing the relatives of W J Trounce serving in WWI states: ‘Trounce, Sydney A (grandson) O.T.C. Inns of Court’, indicating Sydney was in the Officers Training Corps of the Inns of Court Regiment and had probably been working or training at the London Courts. He was commissioned on 19 December 1916 into the 5th (Territorial) Battalion, Suffolk Regiment but later transferred to the 8th Battalion. In Mar 1917 he was admitted to hospital suffering from influenza. He was killed in action on 5 May 1917 aged 23 soon after returning to the front line, during the 3rd Battle of the Scarpe. The regiment war diary for that day records: ’10pm: Enemy shelling heavy in front and support trenches. Lieutenant Trounce killed and 13 other rank casualties’. He is buried in the Wancourt British Cemetery (grave V.C.9), five miles south-east of Arras. The Suffolk Regiment Museum in Bury St Edmonds holds a copy of a Punch cartoon drawn Sydney Trounce showing King Albert I of the Belgians defying the Kaiser. He is remembered on a war memorial plaque that used to be at Star Street Congregational church, Adamsdown, until it closed and is now at Parkminster URC church. A marble font dedicated to his memory was also at Star Street church, then Parkminster URC church and is now housed at the Museum of Cardiff. The link with Star Street church is via Sydney’s maternal line. His mother Mabel grew up in Adamsdown. Her grandfather was Robert Besley Williams, a Congregational Minister living in Planet Street who was probably part of the ministry at nearby Star Street church. Commonwealth War Graves Commission recod.
ALFRED HENRY WARDEN
Air Mechanic 2nd Class, No.12 Training Depot Station, Royal Air Force (Service Number 125427)
Alfred Henry Warden was born in Cardiff in late 1898/early 1899 to Alfred James Warden, a carpenter, originally from Devonport, Devon, and Emily Elizabeth Warden nee Ellis, originally from Bristol. He was baptised in St Andrew’s parish church on 28 Jan 1899. The family lived at 45 Donald Street, Roath. After leaving school he followed his father into the carpentry trade and joined the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters & Joiners when he was 16. He joined the RAF on 2 Jul 1917 and was promoted to Air Mechanic 2nd Class on 26 Jan 1918. His job in the RAF was an aero rigger. He died on 25 Sep 1918 at Andover, Hampshire aged 19. He is buried at Cathays Cemetery (grave EA. 2163). His brother John fell in France and is remembered at the foot of Alfred’s headstone at Cathays. Alfred was also listed on the Roath Road Wesleyan Methodist church memorial which has since been lost. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
JOHN WILLIAM WARDEN
Private, D Company, 16th Battalion, Welsh Regiment (Service Number 23873)
John ‘Jack’ William Warden was born in Bedminster, Somerset, on 24 Mar 1897 to Alfred James Warden, a carpenter, originally from Devonport, Devon, and Emily Elizabeth Warden née Ellis, originally from Bristol. He was baptised on 15 Apr at St Francis church, Ashton Gate. By 1901 the Warden family had moved to Donald Street, Roath. In 1911 John Warden was living at 45 Donald Street and attending Albany Road school. By 1913, aged 16, he had left school and followed his father into the carpentry trade and was a member of the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners trade union. He joined the army and was a Private in the 16th Battalion (Cardiff City), Welsh Regiment. Judging by his number was an original 16th Battalion recruit. He survived Mametz Wood which took so many in his regiment only to be killed in action days later near Courcelles. He lost his life on the 18 July 1916 when his trench raiding party became engaged with Germans in no-mans land. The only other casualty was L/Cpl Christopher Nelson, who was from North Clive St in Grangetown. They were both laid to rest in Serre Rd Number 1 Cemetery. Jack Warden was nineteen years old. He is remembered on the war memorial plaque in St Martin’s Church on Albany Road. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. His brother Alfred Henry Warden was a mechanic in the RAF and died in 1918, buried at Cathays Cemetery. John is mentioned at the bottom of his brother’s headstone.
DAVID THOMAS WATSON
Private, 7th Battalion, Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) (Service Number 24846)
David Thomas Watson was born in Cardiff in 1883. He was son of David Watson, a licenced victualler (pub landlord) originally from Gelligaer, and Ann Watson née Edwards, originally from Quakers Yard. In 1883 David Watson was publican at the Roath Cottage. In 1891 the family lived in Duke Street in the middle of Cardiff before moving to Stacey Road, Roath. By 1911 Ann is widowed, her husband having died in Pencoed in 1906, and the family is living at 221 Albany Road. David Thomas Watson was a carpenter by trade. He enlisted it seems at first in the Welsh Horse Yeomanry before joining the Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment). He died on the Western Front on 15th Feb 1915 aged 34. He is buried at the Grandcourt Road Cemetery (Grave C 79) in the Somme region of France. The Commonwealth War Grave Commission record indicated the family address as being 160 Marlborough Rd. He was also remembered on his parent’s gravestone at Cathays Cemetery in Cardiff with the words “Also of Private David Thomas Watson, dearly beloved son of the above who was killed in action in France February 15 1917 aged 34 yrs”. That gravestone on plot W1130 is marked as having been removed. He was also remembered on the Mackintosh Institute Roll of Honour, also now sadly lost.
JOHN MICHAEL WHALEY
Leading Aircraftman, 2925 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (Service Number 1315638)
John Michael Whaley was born on 8 Sep 1921 in Cardiff to Patrick Whaley, a general labourer on the railways and Agnes Theresa Whaley nee Donnelly, both originally from Cardiff. The Whaley family lived at 1 Byron Street, Roath. John attended St Peter’s school and then worked as a grocer warehouseman. His father died in 1931 and his mother in 1940. He joined the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve and was serving as a Leading Aircraftman in 2925 Squadron when he was killed in an air raid by Luftwaffe on the RAF base in Lentini, Sicily on the night of 11 Aug 1943. He was 21 years old. He is buried at the Catania War Cemetery, Sicily (grave I. F. 32). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Stephen Whitehouse was born on 6 Jan 1922 in Cardiff to James Whitehouse, an electrical and mechanical engineer, from Cardiff and Mary Ellen Whitehouse née Mullins from Cardiff. Stephen attended St Illtyd’s school (1933-40). In September 1939 the family were living in Daisy Street, Canton. He enrolled as a student at Cardiff University on 1st October 1940 to study science. During his first year at university he became a volunteer firewatcher, looking for any fires started during enemy bombing raids. He was badly injured on firewatching duty on the night of 26 Feb 1941, at Cardiff University College. The incendiary bombs fell on the Student’s Union building, the Gymnasium and in the area outside the main University building. He was taken to the Royal Infirmary but died the following day, 27 Feb 1941, aged 19. He is buried in Western Cemetery, Cardiff (Section J, Grave number 644). He is remembered on the St Illtyd’s school war memorial at St Alban Church, Splott and on a plaque at Cardiff University’s Catholic Chaplaincy. Commonwealth War Grave Commission record. Cardiff University have posted a blog detailing the events of the night Stephen was badly injured.
GILBERT JOHN TUCKER WILLCOCKS
Corporal, 2nd Company, 9th Div Train, Army Service Corps (Service Number T2/11639)
Gilbert ‘Bert’ John Tucker Willcocks was born in Taunton, Somerset in 1891. He was one of nine children born to Elias Willcocks, a miller, originally from Crediton, Devon, and Avis Jane Willcocks, née Tucker, originally from Cannington, Somerset. In 1901 the Willcocks family were living in Swansea. After leaving school Bert worked as a clerk for the Swansea Education Office before becoming a commercial traveller for Messrs Rank and Co. Bert’s father died in 1910 leaving Bert the oldest of the children living at home. By 1911 the family had moved to 1 Claude Place, Roath and Bert was working as a grocer’s assistant. He attended Crwys Hall Methodist chapel, Monthermer Road, Cathays and played football in the Cardiff Football League. He joined the army at the outbreak of war and went to France in May 1915 as a member of the Army Service Corps. He was killed in action on 28 Nov 1915, aged 24, when manning a canteen just behind the front line trenches which was hit by a German shell. He has no known grave but is remembered on the Ypres (Menin Gate) memorial in Belgium. Corporal Bert Willcocks was a well-respected man as sometime after he died the Crwys Hall chapel received a letter from the front saying that the officers and men of 105 Company A.S.C. wished that a brass tablet in his name be erected at the church and had a collection among the soldiers to fund the making of it. When the work was commissioned, the maker in Birmingham refused to take any money for it. In the end the £6 15s was donated to Bert’s widowed mother. The memorial was unveiled on 2 April 1916 in a packed church with over 1000 present including the Lord Mayor Dr Smith and the band of the 3rd Welsh. It was the first memorial to a First World War soldier in any of Cardiff’s places of worship. The name of Corporal Willcocks also appeared on the collective WWI memorial at Crwys Hall church. Crwys Hall Methodist closed in the 1980/90s. The building fell into disrepair for a time but has since been renovated and is now Highfields Church. The memorials were removed before or during the renovation process. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
JANSEN OSWALD DAVID WILLIAMS
Captain, 11th Field Ambulance, Royal Army Medical Corps (Service Number 175669)
Jansen Oswald David Williams was born in the Bridgend area on 14 Nov 1917 to David Isaac Williams, a military contractor and caterer, and Hannah Williams, née Richards. Jansen attended Bridgend Grammar school and Cardiff High School for Boys before embarking in further education at Emmanuel College Cambridge and qualified as a surgeon by training at and St Thomas’ Hospital, London. The Williams family live at 51 Ninian Road, Roath Park. In 1941 he married Sylvia ‘Joy’ Baldwin in Amersham, Bucks. He joins the 11th Field Ambulance, Royal Army Medical which landed at Algiers in the November of 1942 before going through to Tunis in the May of 1943 then on to Sicily and Italy. He was killed by a shell on 4 Oct 1943, aged 25, at River Biferno, near Termoli, Italy They were with the Lancashire Fusiliers and the unit were in a barn putting a Thomas splint on a casualty with a broken thigh when they received a direct hit. Captain J.O.D.Williams and three of the others in the unit were killed. They were buried nearby and the bodies later re-interred in the Sangro River War Cemetery, Italy. He is remembered on the war memorial plaque in Roath Park Congregational church (now Tabernacle). He is also remembered at Bridgend Grammar school, Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and St Thomas’ Hospital chapel. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record.
Private, 14th (County of London) Battalion, London Scottish Regiment (Service Number 515329)
Reginald Williams was born on 7 September 1890 in Pontypridd to William Williams, an insurance inspector from Aberdare, and Mary Adams née Adams, originally from Bristol. In 1891 the family were living in Wood Road, Treforest, Glamorgan. In 1893 the family had moved to Cardiff and lived at 83 Albany Road, Cardiff where Reginald attended Albany Road School. By 1901 however the Williams family had all moved to Headingly, Yorkshire.
In the 1911 census most of the family had moved to Merthyr Tydfil but Reginald moved back to Cardiff and was living as a boarder at 34 Strathnairn Street, Roath, and working as an insurance clerk. He married Margaret Hilda Watson in 1913. They have a son Francis Watson Williams born on 6 Jun 1916 and they lived at 17 Wellfield Place, Roath.
Reginald Williams was a Private in the London Scottish Regiment – 14th (County of London) Battalion. He enlisted in Cardiff but died on 1st Dec 1917 aged 27 in the battle of Cambrai on the Western Front that marked the first large-scale, effective use of tanks in warfare. He is buried at Achiet-le-Grand Communal Cemetery Extension, south of Arras in north-east France (Grave Reference: II. A. 3.). Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. He is remembered on the war memorial plaque in St Andrew’s URC church on Wellfield Road, Cardiff.
Elizabeth Wing, aged 81 years, widow of John Wing, died on 18th May 1943 at 12 Penylan Road in the final bombing raid on Cardiff. Two of her daughters and two of her granddaughters died the same night as well as a neighbour. She is buried at Cathays Cemetery, plot EF 8692. Elizabeth Wing née Bailey was born in Leicester on 13th Feb 1862. She was married John Wing, a house painter from Milford, Pembrokshire, in around 1887. She had eight children and was a dressmaker. She is remembered on the Albany Road Baptist Church war memorial plaque. Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. Her story is told here: Pen-y-lan Road blitz victims
Lilian Wing, aged 49, died on 18th May 1943 at 12 Penylan Road in the final bombing raid on Cardiff. She was born on 24th Sept 1892 in Cardiff and was daughter of Elizabeth Wing who died in the same house that evening. She is buried at Cathays Cemetery, plot EF 8692 with her mother. She was a shop assistant in a confectionery shop, presumably downstairs from where they were living and appears to have been owned by her sister Dora described in the 1939 register as a confectioner and tobacconist. Her story is told here: Pen-y-lan Road blitz victims