East Cardiff Hockey Club – the mystery photograph

There’s nothing I like more than solving a mystery, so my luck was in when we were approached a couple of days ago asking for help in identifying a picture of a 1906-7 hockey team. 

We were approached by Mari from West Wales who had found the photo being used as a backing board for another photograph. In the process of adapting the old hockey photo for use as a backing board it had evidently been trimmed and the name of the club was missing.  Mari started some research and thought some of the names in the photo had a Cardiff connection.  That’s when she approached us wondering if we could shed any more light on the mystery hockey team.

It has proved an interesting exercise and uncovered some interesting Cardiff history which I hadn’t anticipated.  My conclusion is that it is the East Cardiff Hockey team based on press cuttings naming the team and the individuals.  But this is where I need your help.  Are there any hockey historians out there? Who were the East Cardiff Hockey Team and what happened to them?  I haven’t even been able to find out where they played.  It’s all still a bit of a mystery.  

There is one newspaper cutting from 1914 describing a court case involving the landlord of the Maltsters Arms Hotel in  Whitchurch and the East Cardiff Hockey Club. It says that accommodation was provided for 2 guineas a year.  Does this imply their home ground was nearby I wonder?  I can find nothing about the club after this.  I’m wondering if they went out of business or merged with another club.  I wondered if they went on to become Whitchurch Hockey Club, still going strong today.   

Western Mail – 14 August 1914

The confusing thing is that the players were based in West Cardiff rather than East Cardiff.  Did the club start life in East Cardiff and then migrate to another area? Roath had a strong hockey team at the end of the 1800s and the Cardiff Hockey club website states that their history can be traced back to the Roath club.  Could it be that the Roath became East Cardiff became the Cardiff Hockey club.   Enough of this postulating and onto the individuals in the photo.

1914 Welsh Hockey Team selection – appears to indicate East Cardiff was a different team to Whitchuch and to Cardiff

The mystery photo had one important thing going for it – the people pictured were named.  Not only that but quite a lot of the surnames were relatively unusual making tracing the individuals so much easier.  Add to that the fact that hockey at that time tended to be a middle class sport which meant that the players were somewhat more likely to appear in press cuttings. 

The names that appeared at the foot of the mystery hockey photo.

And so the task began.  How many of the fifteen individuals would reveal their identities I wondered. I made use of the popular genealogy resources such as Find My Past and Ancestry together with Welsh Newspapers Online

1903 newspaper article names Sessions as a goal scorer
1908 – East Cardiff Hockey Club annual meeting, named T H Woosey and Norman Robertson who are in the photograph

As my research progressed some trends began to appear.  The identified players tended to live in the Pontcanna, Canton, Llandaff and Whitchurch areas of Cardiff.  Quite a number worked in banks.  It wasn’t surprising to find that many were not born in Cardiff but came here to work, or at least their parents did.  Many had West Country origins as did a large proportion of the Cardiff workforce at the turn of the nineteenth century.  Many of them left Cardiff in later life to pursue their careers elsewhere.

Perhaps the person whose story most surprised me is that of Norman Robertson, the man with the spectacles in the front row on the left. He ended up having a prominent role in Cardiff sport, not in hockey as such but in football. He played an integral part in the history of Cardiff City FC.  He was born in Roath, went to Albany Road school and later Howard Gardens and Cardiff High and then went on to become a solicitor.  He was the man who drew up the lease for Ninian Park, Cardiff City’s football ground named after Lord Ninian.

The notes on my research are below, and yes they are only notes.  Twelve of the players have been identified, some with more certainty than others.  Of the twelve identified I’m pleased to say I only found one that fell in WWI, Richard Arnold Mitchell. 

L P Matcalf

Lawrence Piper Metcalf b. 1877 in South Norwood, Surrey.  Married in 1903 in Bromley, Kent and seemingly moved to the Cardiff area shortly afterwards. In 1911 he was living at St Hilda’s, Mill Road, Peterston-super-Ely with wife and three children.  He worked as a Distiller’s commercial traveller and died in 1933 at a hotel in Hereford.  An international hockey player. Buried at Llandaff Cathedral.

H W Green

Possibly:  Howard Walter Green, b. 1882, Poole, Dorset.  Lived in Conway Road, Pontcanna in 1911 with his wife.  Worked as a bank cashier at Lloyds Bank, St Mary’s Street. Died 1933 in Whitchurch, Cardiff.

C D Etchells

Charles Dunbar Etchells, b.1883 in Tenby, son of a Wesleyan minister. In the 1901 census he was at 13 Claude Road as a visitor and worked as a bank clerk. By 1911 he had moved to Islington, London and was working as a bank cashier. He served as a Captain in the Welsh Regiment in WWI. In 1939 he was a bank manager in St Albans. He died 1974 in Tunbridge Wells, Kent.

O T Morgan

Possibility: Owen Thomas Morgan, born 6 Feb 1873 in Newport.  In 1901 he was living in Pontcanna Street and working as a hide and skin buyer. Married Florence Jane Lloyd in 1896.   Captain in 10th Battalion of the Welsh Regiment in WWI.  Died in 1940 in Radyr.  His son Owen Kenrick Morgan was killed in 1941 in WWII.

S R Harmer

Scotford Russell Harmer, born in Cirencester 1885. Started work in the Midland Bank in Cardiff Docks in 1899. In 1901 he was boarding in Neville Street and working as a bank clerk. Married Elsie Margaret Scott in Canton Parish Church in 1913 when living in Teilo Street, Pontcanna. Served in the Royal Artillery in WWI. In 1939 he was working as a bank manager and living in Croydon. He went on to work at the Midland Bank central office in Threadneedle Street, London.  Died 1967 in Kennsington, London.

I S Owen


J J Thomas


A M Thomas


E R Metcalf (Vice-captain)

Edward Robinson Metcalf, born 1872 in Croydon. 1901, married Ethel Mary Hodgson in Croydon.  Played cricket for Cardiff Rambles (1907). Director of Harding & Co, aerated and mineral waters. Had a licence for a wine and spirit merchants at 6 Wyndham Crescent (1910). Living in Caerau (1910). In 1911 he was landlord of the Butcher’s Arms in Crickhowell where he lived with his wife and four children.  Played cricket for Whitchurch, Cardiff (1913).  In the 1939 Register he lived in Herne Bay, and was described as a retired bank official, married to Ethel M Metcalf. Died in Herne Bay, Kent in 1952.

J L Hamblen

Possibly: Lionel James Hamblen born 1886 in Yeovil, who was living in Neville Street in 1911 and working as a shop assistant. Died 1947 in Loughborough.

N Robertson

Norman Robertson.  Born 18 Jan 1882 in Weston Super Mare, son of James Robertson, a master tailor.  Moved to Cardiff shortly afterwards and lived at 2 Glenroy Street.  Attended Albany Road School before going on to Howard Gardens school in 1894 and then Cardiff Higher Grade School (Cardiff High on Newport Road).  By 1901 the family had moved to Column Road and Norman was an solicitor’s articled clerk. In 1904 the newspaper reports that he obtained a first class  honours degree and Law Society prize, third in the country and the highest place among any Welsh candidates.  In 1910 he acted for ‘a local association football club’ in taking up a lease on a land in Sloper Road to become a football ground.  The club became Cardiff City and the ground Ninian Park.  In the 1911 census he was a qualified solicitor. His offices were at 9 Park Place.

A B Sessions (Hon Sec)

Arthur Bertram Sessions b.14 May 1884 in Cardiff, son of Arthur Session, a prominent Cardiff businessman and deputy-chairman of the Parks Committee and a Quaker. His mother was Eliza Cory, daughter of the prominent Cardiff ship owner John Cory.  Arthur Bertram Sessions married Ethel Jane Morgan in 1908 in Cardiff. By 1916 had moved to Newport and later he became a director of The British Dredging Company.  His brother Herford Sessions fell in WWI. In 1939 the Arthur Bertram Sessions and family lived in Plymouth Road, Penarth.

R A Mitchell

Richard Arnold Mitchell, b.1882 in Cardiff.  In 1901 the Mitchell family lived at Wyndham Crescent, Canton.  He worked as a bonded store warehouse keeper, the same as his father Charles Mitchell. In 1910 he was Captain of the Taff Rowing club.  In 1911, aged 29, he lived in Romilly Road West, Victoria Park, Cardiff still with his parents. He married Dora Mayman in Birkenhead in 1912. In WWI he served as a Private with the 15th Battalion, London Regiment. He was killed in action in France on 1 Sep 1918 aged 36. He is buried at the Rancourt  Military Cemetery in France.

R A Mitchell headstone at Rancourt Cemetery

T H Woosey

Thomas Holmes Woosey was born in Cardiff in 1881, son of John Woosey, superintendent of the Cardiff Health Department.  In 1901 he was an articled clerk and living with his family in Penhill Road, Canton. He passed his final exams with the Law Society in 1904.  In 1908 he became Vice-captain of East Cardiff Hockey Club.  He also rowed in the Cardiff Rowing Club. In 1911 he was a qualified solicitor and living on The Avenue, Whitchurch, Cardiff. In June 1912 he married Mabel Shearman at Llandaff Cathedral and lived in Heol Don, Whitchurch.  He worked in the solicitors department of Cardiff Corporation and in WWI was a Second-Lieutenant with the South Wales Borderers.  Later moved to London where he died in 1946.

P J Norman

Percy John Norman, b. 1884 in Shepton Mallet, Somerset. He was son of Rowland H Norman, a farmer, and in 1901 the family were living in Eldenfield, Worcester and Percy working as a bank clerk. In 1911 he was working as a bank clerk and living in Grove Place, Penarth. He later moved to Paignton, Devon and became a bank manager and married Constance Ella Tilley from Monmouth.

If you could help shed any more light on this picture then we and I’m sure Mari would love to hear from you.  Please leave a comment or drop us an email roathhistorywebsite@gmail.com

The mystery hockey photograph

6 thoughts on “East Cardiff Hockey Club – the mystery photograph

  1. Hello. I decided to look into this further to see if I could help. I found that East Cardiff Hockey Club were formed in September 1903, and played on the Llandaff Fields. They were formed out of the old West Cardiff Hockey Club. The West Cardiff Hockey Club first started playing in the 1897/1898 season. The first match I found involving West Cardiff was reported on 05/01/1898, when they beat Maindee (Newport) by 4 goals to nil. They played on the Bishop’s Field, Llandaff. The next match reported was a 3-2 loss at home to Weston Bath. The team line up was; Goal: F. H. Russel, Backs: W. A. Baylis, F. H. Powell, Half-Backs: Reg. Thomas, W. Roscorla, J. J. Flux, Forwards: R. Williams, T. J. Woodthorpe, O. H. Gilman, S. Roscorla, E. F. Gilman. The second annual meeting was held in September 1898 at the Globe Hotel, where they became affiliated to the South Wales Hockey Association. They were nicknamed the Llandaff Hockeyites in one article. Their last reported match I found was a 4-2 win at home to the Cardiff Hockey Club on 08/03/1902. Unfortunately, they had to fold for the following season, due to the club being refused the use of the Llandaff Fields. East Cardiff were formed in September 1903 out of the old club, and played on the Llandaff Fields, the only field available to them at that time. Most of the West players joined the East. In September 1904, they held their second annual meeting at the Globe Hotel. In August 1908, the club had new headquarters, the Marchioness of Bute Hotel, Cardiff. They still played at the Llandaff Fields. Half way through the 1912/1913 season, East Cardiff switched from Llandaff to the Whitchurch Polo Ground. Their eleventh annual meeting was held at the Queen’s Hotel in September 1913. The East Hockey Club were seen playing during April 1914. However, the next, and last mention is the court case in August 1914, by William Price of the Malsters’ Arms Hotel, Whitchurch. They shared the Polo Ground in 1913/1914 with Whitchurch Hockey Club, who was formed in September 1903, and Llanishen Hockey Club, who were formed as early as February 1900.

      • I was very good to see the photograph of the East Cardiff hockey team with details of the players, alongside the additional material added by Heatho93. I may be able to add to the story in a few areas that, hopefully, will be of interest.
        The East Cardiff club was formed on September 1903 as the new club name assumed by the Broadway Wesleyan team, originally established in December 1899. At the time, hockey in Cardiff was dominated by two sides, Cardiff and West Cardiff, with both clubs playing at Llandaff Fields. Broadway Wesleyan was one of a clutch of junior clubs formed in this period looking to flex their muscles – and in more ways than one – with newspaper reports referring to their energetic and physical approach to the game.
        There is, as has been pointed out, a very close connection with the demise of the West Cardiff men’s club. West Cardiff moved to play at Llanishen in the 1901-02 season. The arrangement, for whatever reason, only lasted for one season. This left the club without a home ground and it was disbanded at the beginning of the following season (although the West Cardiff women’s team carried on for many more years).
        Broadway Wesleyan saw an opportunity to fill the gap amongst the senior clubs. The re-naming of the side, as East Cardiff was a clear statement of intent referred to in the newspapers as possibly “pretentious”. The club did take on board a number of the former West Cardiff players. However, West Cardiff’s star players, Phil and William Baylis, both Welsh internationals, moved to more established teams – Phil to Newport and William to Oystermouth and later Swansea. In part, this might explain why East Cardiff never quite reached the heights achieved by the old West Cardiff club. They also had to contend with another rising force in Cardiff – the Whitchurch hockey club.
        As to the link with the Maltsters, as noted, by 1913 they had moved to play at the Whitchurch polo club. Like many sides, the East Cardiff club was only too keen to escape from Llandaff Fields. The Whitchurch ground, owned by the Cardiff and County Club, was a far better prospect and the Maltsters, almost adjacent to the ground, provided a useful HQ. As to fate of the club, it may well have been one of the many sides that did not reappear after the War.
        Tony Peters

  2. I came across your wonderful post by accident as I was researching LJ Hamblen. It is almost certainly Lionel James Hamblen. Before going to Cardiff Lionel was a very good footbalerl in the Yeovil area and played for Yeovil Casuals (Now Yeovil Town).

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